Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)

Income Taxes

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Income Taxes
9 Months Ended
Sep. 30, 2018
Income Tax Disclosure [Abstract]  
Income Taxes
INCOME TAXES
The following table presents details related to our income taxes:
 
Three Months Ended
September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
Income (loss) before income taxes
$
9.3

 
$
(31.0
)
 
$
11.2

 
$
(31.9
)
Income tax expense (benefit)
1.4

 
(12.3
)
 
3.2

 
(10.8
)
Effective tax rate
15.1
%
 
39.7
%
 
28.6
%
 
33.9
%

The effective tax rate for the third quarter of 2018 was lower versus the comparable 2017 period primarily due to geographic distribution of earnings as well as the reduction in the U.S. federal corporate tax rate. The effective tax rate for the first nine months of 2018 was lower than the comparable period in 2017 primarily due to geographic distribution of earnings as well as the reduction in the U.S. federal corporate tax rate.
Upon audit, taxing authorities may challenge all or part of an uncertain income tax position. While AFI has no history of tax audits on a stand-alone basis, AWI was routinely audited by U.S. federal, state and local, and non-U.S. taxing authorities. Accordingly, AFI regularly assesses the outcome of potential examinations in each of the taxing jurisdictions when determining the adequacy of the amount of unrecognized tax benefit recorded. We do not expect to record any material changes during 2018 to AFI's unrecognized tax benefits as of December 31, 2017.
As of September 30, 2018, we consider foreign unremitted earnings to be permanently reinvested.
U.S. Tax Reform
On December 22, 2017, the U.S. government enacted comprehensive tax legislation commonly referred to as the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (the "Tax Reform Act"). The Tax Reform Act made broad and complex changes to the U.S. tax code that will affect our fiscal year ending December 31, 2018, including, but not limited to, reducing the U.S. federal corporate tax rate from 35% to 21% effective January 1, 2018, limiting the carryover of net operating losses to 80% of taxable income, and modifying the deductibility of certain expenses.
We recognized the income tax effects of the Tax Reform Act in our 2017 consolidated financial statements in accordance with SAB No. 118, which provides SEC staff guidance for the application of ASC Topic 740, "Income Taxes," in the reporting period in which the Tax Reform Act was signed into law. We continue to analyze the different aspects of the Tax Reform Act which could potentially affect the provisional estimates that were recorded at December 31, 2017. Adjustments may be made as a result of future changes in interpretation, information available, assumptions made by us, issuance of additional guidance and the completion of our 2017 tax return filings. As of September 30, 2018, we have booked an additional $0.1 million of tax expense due to the impact of filing our 2017 U.S. Federal Tax Return. We currently anticipate finalizing and recording any additional resulting adjustments by the end of fiscal year 2018.