Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)

Business and Basis of Presentation

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Business and Basis of Presentation
9 Months Ended
Sep. 30, 2018
Organization, Consolidation and Presentation of Financial Statements [Abstract]  
Business and Basis of Presentation
BUSINESS AND BASIS OF PRESENTATION
Background
Armstrong Flooring, Inc. (“AFI”) is a leading global producer of flooring products for use primarily in the construction and renovation of residential, commercial and institutional buildings. AFI designs, manufactures, sources and sells resilient and wood flooring products in North America and the Pacific Rim. When we refer to "AFI," "the Company," "we," "our," and "us" in this report, we are referring to Armstrong Flooring, Inc., a Delaware corporation, and its consolidated subsidiaries.
On April 1, 2016, we became an independent company as a result of the separation by Armstrong World Industries, Inc. ("AWI"), a Pennsylvania corporation, of its Resilient Flooring and Wood Flooring segments from its Building Products segment (the "Separation"). The Separation was effected by allocating the assets and liabilities related primarily to the Resilient Flooring and Wood Flooring segments to AFI and then distributing the common stock of AFI to AWI’s shareholders (the "Distribution"). The Separation and Distribution (together, the "Spin-off") resulted in AFI and AWI becoming two independent, publicly traded companies, with AFI owning and operating the Resilient Flooring and Wood Flooring segments and AWI continuing to own and operate a ceilings business.
Basis of Presentation
These Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements are prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States of America ("U.S. GAAP"). The statements include management estimates and judgments, where appropriate. Management uses estimates to record many items including certain asset values, allowances for bad debts, inventory obsolescence, lower of cost or market or net realizable value charges, warranty reserves, workers compensation, general liability and environmental claims and income taxes. When preparing an estimate, management determines the amount based upon the consideration of relevant information. Management may confer with outside parties, including outside counsel. Actual results may differ from these estimates. In the opinion of management, all adjustments of a normal, recurring nature have been included to provide a fair statement of the results for the reporting periods presented. Operating results for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017 included in this report are unaudited. Quarterly results are not necessarily indicative of annual earnings, primarily due to the different level of sales in each quarter of the year and the possibility of changes in economic conditions between periods.
Certain amounts in the prior year’s Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements and related notes thereto have been recast to conform to the 2018 presentation. Otherwise, the accounting policies used in preparing the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements in this Form 10-Q are the same as those used in preparing the Consolidated Financial Statements for the year ended December 31, 2017. These statements should therefore be read in conjunction with the Consolidated Financial Statements and notes that are included in the Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2017.
All significant intercompany transactions within AFI have been eliminated from the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
Recently Adopted Accounting Standards
On January 1, 2018, we adopted Accounting Standards Codification ("ASC") 606, "Revenue from Contracts with Customers," and all the related amendments. The impact of the standard is limited to our accounting for warranties and returns. We adopted the standard using the modified retrospective transition method and we recorded a cumulative catch up adjustment to increase accumulated deficit in the amount of $4.1 million, increased prepaid expenses and other current assets by $0.4 million and decreased accounts receivable, net by $4.5 million. The adoption of the standard did not have a material impact on our results of operations or cash flows, but did result in new disclosures.

On January 1, 2018, we adopted Accounting Standards Update ("ASU") 2016-01, "Recognition and Measurement of Financial Assets and Financial Liabilities." The guidance addresses certain aspects of recognition, measurement, presentation, and disclosure of financial instruments. Most notably, this new guidance requires equity investments (except those accounted for under the equity method of accounting or those that result in consolidation of the investee) to be measured at fair value with changes in fair value recognized in net income. Adoption did not have a material impact on our financial condition, results of operations or statement of cash flows.

On January 1, 2018, we adopted ASU 2016-16, "Intra-Entity Transfers of Assets Other Than Inventory." The guidance requires entities to recognize income tax consequences of many intercompany asset transfers other than inventory at the transaction date. Adoption of this standard did not have a material impact on our financial condition, results of operations, or statement of cash flows.
On January 1, 2018, we adopted ASU 2017-07, “Improving the Presentation of Net Periodic Pension Cost and Net Periodic Postretirement Benefit Cost.” The guidance requires the service cost component of net periodic benefit cost to be presented in the income statement line items with compensation cost and all other components of net periodic benefit cost to be presented outside of operating income. Previously, all components of net periodic benefit cost were recorded within cost of goods sold and selling, general and administrative ("SG&A") expense. We applied this standard retrospectively in the period of adoption. The tables below present the impact of adoption on our results of operations:
 
Three Months Ended September 30,
 
2017
 
As Reported
 
Impact of Adoption
 
Upon Adoption
Cost of goods sold
$
276.8

 
$
(0.6
)
 
$
276.2

Selling, general and administrative expenses
49.3

 
(0.3
)
 
49.0

Operating (loss)
(30.1
)
 
0.9

 
(29.2
)
Other expense, net
0.1

 
0.9

 
1.0


 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
2017
 
As Reported
 
Impact of Adoption
 
Upon Adoption
Cost of goods sold
$
735.1

 
$
(2.2
)
 
$
732.9

Selling, general and administrative expenses
153.2

 
(1.1
)
 
152.1

Operating (loss)
(29.8
)
 
3.3

 
(26.5
)
Other expense, net
0.1

 
3.3

 
3.4



ASU 2017-07 does not impact our financial condition or statement of cash flows.
On January 1, 2018, we early adopted ASU 2017-12, “Targeted Improvements to Accounting for Hedging Activities.” The guidance eliminates the requirement to separately measure and report hedge ineffectiveness and it requires the presentation of all items that affect earnings in the same income statement line as the hedged item. This standard did not have a material impact on our financial condition, results of operations or statement of cash flows.
On January 1, 2018, we early adopted ASU 2018-02, “Reclassification of Certain Tax Effects from Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income.” The guidance permits entities to reclassify tax effects stranded in accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) as a result of tax reform to retained earnings. We applied this standard in the period of adoption and we reclassified $12.6 million from accumulated other comprehensive (loss) into accumulated deficit. There will be no impact on results of operations or statement of cash flows.

In March 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-05, "Income Taxes." This guidance addresses the recognition of taxes payable or refundable for the current year and the recognition of deferred tax liabilities and deferred tax assets for the future tax consequences of events that have been recognized in an entity's financial statements or tax returns. This guidance was effective immediately upon issuance. The adoption did not have a material impact on our financial condition, results of operations or statement of cash flows.
Recently Issued Accounting Standards
In February 2016, the Financial Accounting Standards Board ("FASB") issued ASU 2016-02, "Leases." The guidance, and subsequent amendments issued, requires a lessee to recognize the assets and liabilities that arise from a lease agreement. Specifically, this new guidance will require lessees to recognize a liability to make lease payments and a right-of-use asset representing its right to use the underlying asset for the lease term, with limited exceptions. This new guidance is effective for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2018 and must be adopted under a modified retrospective basis. The FASB allows companies transition and practical expedient elections to simplify the transition of the new standard. We have elected the following:
We have elected to not restate comparative prior periods but instead recognize a cumulative effect adjustment to the opening balance of retained earnings in the period of adoption.
We have elected to use the hindsight practical expedient with respect to determining the lease term allowing us to consider the actual outcome of lease renewals, termination options, and purchase options and in assessing impairment of right-of-use assets for existing leases.
We have elected to combine lease and non-lease components as a single component and account for it as a lease for all asset classes excluding real estate.
We have elected to use a portfolio approach to determine the discount rate.

Upon adoption, we will record the right-of-use assets and the lease liabilities related to our operating leases with a lease term in excess of one year. Based on our assessment to date, we expect adoption of the standard will have a material increase in our lease related assets and liabilities on our Consolidated Balance Sheet. We do not believe there will be a material impact on results of operations or statement of cash flows.  

In August 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-13, "Disclosure Framework-Changes to the Disclosure Requirements for Fair Value Measurement." The guidance eliminates, adds and modifies certain disclosure requirements. This new guidance is effective for fiscal year beginning after December 15, 2019 for public companies. Early adoption is permitted for either the entire standard or provisions that eliminate or modify requirements. Adoption of the standard will not impact our financial condition, results of operations or statement of cash flows.

In August 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-14, "Disclosure Framework-Changes to the Disclosure Requirements for Defined Benefit Plans." The guidance changes the disclosure requirements by eliminating certain disclosures that are no longer considered cost beneficial and added new ones that are considered pertinent. The guidance is effective for fiscal years ending December 15, 2020 for public companies. Early adoption is permitted. Adoption of the standard will not impact our financial condition, results of operations or statement of cash flows.

In August 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-15, "Customer's Accounting for Implementation Costs Incurred in a Cloud Computing Arrangement That Is a Service Contract." The guidance aligns the requirements for capitalizing implementation costs in a cloud computing arrangement service contract with the requirements for capitalizing implementation costs incurred for an internal use software license. Capitalized implementation costs should be amortized over the term of the service agreement on a straight line basis and should be assessed for impairment in a manner similar to long-lived assets. This new guidance is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019 for public companies. Early adoption is permitted. We are continuing to evaluate the impact the adoption of this standard will have on our financial condition, results of operations and statement of cash flows.