Pension And Other Postretirement Benefit Programs
|12 Months Ended|
Dec. 31, 2018
|Retirement Benefits [Abstract]|
|Pension and Other Postretirement Benefit Programs||
PENSION AND OTHER POSTRETIREMENT BENEFIT PROGRAMS
For periods prior to April 1, 2016, certain of our North American employees participated in defined-benefit pension and postretirement plans (the “Shared Plans”) sponsored by AWI. The related net benefit plan obligations of the Shared Plans were not included in our Consolidated Balance Sheets as we did not sponsor the Shared Plans and had no rights or obligations related to the Shared Plans’ assets or liabilities. Our Consolidated Statements of Operations include Shared Plan expenses for our active and retired employees as well as an allocation of Shared Plan expenses. The Shared Plan expenses presented in our Consolidated Financial Statements represent the allocation of plan costs to AFI and do not represent cash payments to AWI or to the Shared Plans.
Effective April 1, 2016, upon separation from AWI, AFI created defined-benefit pension and postretirement plans, which provide North American employees and retirees who previously participated in the Shared Plans the same defined-benefit pension and postretirement benefits that had been previously provided by AWI. As a result of the Separation, and based on an analysis provided by our actuaries, AFI assumed defined-benefit pension plan assets of $381.4 million, defined-benefit pension benefit obligations of $385.4 million, defined-benefit postretirement benefit obligations of $82.9 million and accumulated other comprehensive loss of $101.8 million. Our U.S. defined-benefit pension plans were amended to freeze accruals for remaining salaried non-production employees, effective December 31, 2017.
On November 14, 2018, AFI entered into a Stock Purchase Agreement with TZI, an affiliate of American Industrial Partners ("AIP"), to sell our North American wood flooring business. On December 31, 2018, AIP completed the purchase of all of the issued and outstanding shares of Armstrong Wood Products, Inc. As a result of the sale, all plan participants in the Hartco Retiree Welfare Plan, one of AFI's three postretirement plans, were transferred to AHF, LLC, an affiliate of AIP. The transfer of all liabilities for the Hartco Retiree Welfare Plan were effective as of December 31, 2018. Also, as a result of the North American wood flooring business sale, AFI transferred a portion of the Retirement Income Plan ("RIP"), as of December 31, 2018 to AHF, LLC. The U.S. pension plan disclosures show the spun off liability and asset amounts and include the allocated actuarial loss for the affected participants.
Benefits from defined-benefit pension plans are based primarily on an employee’s compensation and years of service. We fund our pension plans when appropriate. We fund postretirement benefits on a pay-as-you-go basis, with the retiree paying a portion of the cost for health care benefits by means of deductibles and contributions. We also have defined-contribution pension plans for eligible employees.
Defined-Benefit Pension Plans
The following tables summarize the balance sheet impact of the pension benefit plans, as well as the related benefit obligations, assets, funded status and rate assumptions. The pension benefits disclosures include both the qualified, funded Retirement Income Plan (“RIP”) and the Retirement Benefit Equity Plan, which is a nonqualified, unfunded plan designed to provide pension benefits in excess of the limits defined under Sections 415 and 401(a)(17) of the Internal Revenue Code. The disclosures also include our two Canadian pension plans.
The table below presents the weighted-average assumptions used in computing the benefit obligations and net periodic benefit cost for the defined-benefit pension plans:
Basis of Rate-of-Return Assumption
Long-term asset class return assumptions are determined based on the expected performance of the asset classes over 20 years. For the U.S. plans, these forecasted gross returns were reduced by estimated management fees and expenses, yielding a long-term return forecast of 5.85% and 6.10% for the years ended December 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively. For our Canadian plans, these forecasted gross returns were reduced by estimated management fees and expenses, yielding a long-term return forecast of 4.90% and 5.40% for the years ended December 31, 2018 and 2017.
Defined-benefit pension plans with benefit obligations in excess of plan assets were as follows:
The components of net periodic pension cost for the U.S. defined-benefit pension plans were as follows:
The components of net periodic pension (credit) cost for the Canadian defined-benefit pension plans were as follows:
Our primary investment objective is to maintain the funded status of the plans such that the likelihood that we will be required to make significant contributions to the plan is limited. This objective is expected to be achieved by:
Each asset class used has a defined asset allocation target and allowable range. The tables below show the asset allocation targets and the December 31, 2018 and 2017 positions for each asset class:
Pension plan assets are required to be reported and disclosed at fair value in the financial statements. Fair value is defined as the exchange price that would be received for an asset or paid to transfer a liability (an exit price) in the principal or most advantageous market for the asset or liability in an orderly transaction between market participants on the measurement date. Three levels of inputs may be used to measure fair value:
Level 1 - Quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities.
Level 2 - Observable inputs other than quoted prices included in Level 1, such as quoted prices for similar assets and liabilities in active markets; quoted prices for identical or similar assets and liabilities in markets that are not active; or other inputs that are observable or can be corroborated by observable market data.
Level 3 - Unobservable inputs that are supported by little or no market activity and that are significant to the fair value of the assets or liabilities. This includes certain pricing models, discounted cash flow methodologies and similar techniques that use significant unobservable inputs.
The asset’s fair value measurement level within the fair value hierarchy is based on the lowest level of any input that is significant to the fair value measurement. Valuation techniques used need to maximize the use of observable inputs and minimize the use of unobservable inputs.
The following tables set forth by level within the fair value hierarchy a summary of the U.S. and Canadian defined-benefit pension plan assets, net of payables for administrative expenses, measured at fair value on a recurring basis:
Following is a description of the valuation methodologies used for assets.
Fixed income securities — Consists of registered investment funds, common and collective trust funds, and segregated funds investing in fixed income securities tailored to institutional investors. The fair values of the investments in this class are based on the underlying securities in each fund’s portfolio, which is the amount the fund would receive for the security upon a current sale.
Equities — Consists of investments in funds investing in equities tailored to institutional investors. The fair value of each fund is based on the underlying securities in each fund’s portfolio, which is the amount the fund would receive for the security upon a current sale.
Other — Consists of cash and cash equivalents and other payables and receivables (net). The carrying amounts of cash and cash equivalents approximate fair value due to the short-term maturity of these instruments. The carrying amounts of payables and receivables approximate fair value due to the short-term nature of these instruments.
Defined-Benefit Postretirement Benefit Plans
The following tables summarize the balance sheet impact of the postretirement benefit plans, as well as the related benefit obligations, assets, funded status and rate assumptions.
The table below presents the weighted-average assumptions used in computing the benefit obligations and net periodic benefit cost for the U.S. defined-benefit postretirement benefit plans:
The components of net periodic postretirement benefit cost (credit) were as follows:
For measurement purposes, an average rate of annual increase in the per capita cost of covered health care benefits of 7.5% for pre-65 retirees and 8.6% to 11.1% for post-65 retirees (depending on plan type) was assumed for 2019, decreasing ratably to an ultimate rate of 4.5% by 2027. Assumed health care cost trend rates can have a significant effect on the amounts reported for the health care plans. A one-percentage-point change in assumed health care cost trend rates would have the following effects on the defined-benefit postretirement benefit plans for 2019:
Financial Statement Impacts
Amounts recognized in assets and (liabilities) on the Consolidated Balance Sheets at year end consist of:
Pre-tax amounts recognized in AOCI at year end for our pension and postretirement benefit plans consist of:
We expect to amortize $8.9 million and $0.3 million of previously unrecognized net actuarial losses into U.S. and Canadian plan pension cost, respectively, in 2019. We expect to amortize $3.3 million of previously unrecognized net actuarial gains into postretirement benefit cost in 2019.
We expect to contribute $0.1 million each to our U.S. and Canadian defined-benefit pension plans and $6.5 million to our U.S. postretirement benefit plans in 2019.
The following benefit payments, which reflect expected future service, as appropriate, are expected to be paid over the next ten years for our U.S. and Canadian plans:
These estimated benefit payments are based on assumptions about future events. Actual benefit payments may vary significantly from these estimates.
Costs for defined-contribution pension plans were $6.2 million in 2018 and $6.5 million in 2017.
The entire disclosure for pension and other postretirement benefits.
Reference 1: http://fasb.org/us-gaap/role/ref/legacyRef