Derivative Financial Instruments
|12 Months Ended|
Dec. 31, 2020
|Derivative Instruments and Hedging Activities Disclosure [Abstract]|
|Derivative Financial Instruments||DERIVATIVE FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS
We are exposed to market risk from changes in foreign currency exchange rates that could impact our financial condition, results of operations and cash flows. We enter into derivative contracts, including contracts to hedge our foreign currency exchange rate exposures. Exposure to individual counterparties is controlled and derivative financial instruments are entered into with a diversified group of major financial institutions. Forward swap contracts are entered into for periods consistent with underlying exposure and do not constitute positions independent of those exposures. Derivative instruments are viewed as risk management tools by the Company and are not used for trading or speculative purposes. All derivative instruments are recorded on the Consolidated Balance Sheets at fair value. The accounting for changes in the fair value of derivatives depends on the intended use of the derivative, whether the Company has elected to designate a derivative in a hedging relationship and apply hedge accounting and whether the hedging relationship has satisfied the criteria necessary to apply hedge accounting. Derivatives designated and qualifying as a hedge of the exposure to variability in expected future cash flows, or other types of forecasted transactions, are considered cash flow hedges. Hedge accounting generally provides for the matching of the timing of gain or loss recognition on the hedging instrument with the recognition of the earnings effect of the hedged forecasted transactions in a cash flow hedge. The Company may enter into derivative contracts that are intended to economically hedge certain of its risk, even though hedge accounting does not apply, or the Company elects not to apply hedge accounting.
We only enter into derivative transactions with established counterparties having a credit rating of BBB or better. Counterparty credit default swap levels and credit ratings are monitored on a regular basis in an effort to reduce the risk of counterparty default. All of our derivative transactions with counterparties are governed by master International Swap and Derivatives Association agreements (“ISDAs”) with netting arrangements. These agreements can limit exposure in situations where gain and loss positions are outstanding with a single counterparty. We neither post nor receive cash collateral with any counterparty for our derivative transactions. These ISDAs do not have credit contingent features; however, a default under our Credit Facility would trigger a default under these agreements.
Currency Rate Risk – Sales and Purchases
We manufacture and sell our products in a number of countries and, as a result, we are exposed to movements in foreign currency exchange rates. To a large extent, our global manufacturing and sales provide a natural hedge of foreign currency exchange rate movement, as foreign currency expenses generally offset foreign currency revenues. We manage our cash flow exposures on a net basis and use derivatives to hedge the majority of our unmatched foreign currency cash inflows and outflows. Before considering the impacts of any hedging, our major foreign currency exposures as of December 31, 2020, based on operating profits by currency, are from the Canadian Dollar, the Chinese Renminbi and the Australian Dollar.
We use foreign currency forward exchange contracts to reduce our exposure to the risk that the eventual net cash inflows and outflows resulting from the sale of products to foreign customers and purchases from foreign suppliers will be adversely affected by changes in exchange rates. These derivative instruments are used for forecasted transactions and are classified as cash flow hedges. These cash flow hedges are executed quarterly, generally up to 18 months forward. The notional amount of these hedges was $17.3 million and $23.1 million as of December 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively. Gains and losses on these instruments are recorded in AOCI, to the extent effective, until the underlying transaction is recognized in earnings. The mark-to-market gains or losses on ineffective portions of hedges are recognized in SG&A expense.
Currency Rate Risk – Intercompany Loans and Dividends
We may use foreign currency forward exchange contracts to hedge exposures created by cross-currency intercompany loans and dividends. The translation adjustments related to these loans are recorded in other (income) expense, net. The offsetting gains and losses on the related derivative contracts are also recorded in other (income) expense, net. These contracts are decreased or increased as repayments are made or additional intercompany loans are extended or adjusted for intercompany dividend activity as necessary. The notional amount of these hedges was $12.1 million and $16.6 million as of December 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively.
Financial Statement Impacts
The following table presents the classification of derivative assets and liabilities within the Consolidated Balance Sheets. The foreign exchange contracts outstanding are presented gross as we have not netted derivative assets with derivative liabilities:
The following tables summarize the impact of the effective portion of derivative instruments on the Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Income (Loss):
Derivative assets are classified within prepaid expenses and other current assets as well as other non-current assets on the Consolidated Balance Sheets. Derivative liabilities are classified within accounts payable and accrued expenses as well as other long-term liabilities on the Consolidated Balance Sheets. Gains (losses) from derivatives were included in net sales and cost of goods sold on the Consolidated Statements of Operations. As of December 31, 2020, the amount of existing gains in AOCI expected to be recognized in earnings over the next twelve months is $0.8 million.
The entire disclosure for derivative instruments and hedging activities including, but not limited to, risk management strategies, non-hedging derivative instruments, assets, liabilities, revenue and expenses, and methodologies and assumptions used in determining the amounts.
Reference 1: http://fasb.org/us-gaap/role/ref/legacyRef