00016550752020FYFALSE9.2us-gaap:AccountsPayableAndAccruedLiabilitiesCurrentus-gaap:AccountsPayableAndAccruedLiabilitiesCurrent00016550752020-01-012020-12-31iso4217:USD00016550752020-12-31xbrli:shares00016550752021-02-1900016550752019-01-012019-12-3100016550752018-01-012018-12-31iso4217:USDxbrli:shares00016550752019-12-310001655075us-gaap:CommonStockMember2017-12-310001655075us-gaap:TreasuryStockMember2017-12-310001655075us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2017-12-310001655075us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2017-12-310001655075us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2017-12-3100016550752017-12-310001655075us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMembersrt:CumulativeEffectPeriodOfAdoptionAdjustmentMember2017-12-310001655075srt:CumulativeEffectPeriodOfAdoptionAdjustmentMember2017-12-310001655075us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMembersrt:CumulativeEffectPeriodOfAdoptionAdjustmentMember2017-01-012017-12-310001655075us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMembersrt:CumulativeEffectPeriodOfAdoptionAdjustmentMember2017-01-012017-12-310001655075us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2018-01-012018-12-310001655075us-gaap:CommonStockMember2018-01-012018-12-310001655075us-gaap:TreasuryStockMember2018-01-012018-12-310001655075us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2018-01-012018-12-310001655075us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2018-01-012018-12-310001655075us-gaap:CommonStockMember2018-12-310001655075us-gaap:TreasuryStockMember2018-12-310001655075us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2018-12-310001655075us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2018-12-310001655075us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2018-12-3100016550752018-12-310001655075us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2019-01-012019-12-310001655075us-gaap:CommonStockMember2019-01-012019-12-310001655075us-gaap:TreasuryStockMember2019-01-012019-12-310001655075us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2019-01-012019-12-310001655075us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2019-01-012019-12-310001655075us-gaap:CommonStockMember2019-12-310001655075us-gaap:TreasuryStockMember2019-12-310001655075us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2019-12-310001655075us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2019-12-310001655075us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2019-12-310001655075us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2020-01-012020-12-310001655075us-gaap:CommonStockMember2020-01-012020-12-310001655075us-gaap:TreasuryStockMember2020-01-012020-12-310001655075us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2020-01-012020-12-310001655075us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2020-01-012020-12-310001655075us-gaap:CommonStockMember2020-12-310001655075us-gaap:TreasuryStockMember2020-12-310001655075us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2020-12-310001655075us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2020-12-310001655075us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2020-12-310001655075us-gaap:EquipmentMembersrt:MinimumMember2020-01-012020-12-310001655075us-gaap:EquipmentMembersrt:MaximumMember2020-01-012020-12-310001655075us-gaap:ComputerEquipmentMembersrt:MinimumMember2020-01-012020-12-310001655075us-gaap:ComputerEquipmentMembersrt:MaximumMember2020-01-012020-12-310001655075srt:MinimumMemberafi:OfficeFurnitureandEquipmentMember2020-01-012020-12-310001655075srt:MaximumMemberafi:OfficeFurnitureandEquipmentMember2020-01-012020-12-310001655075us-gaap:ToolsDiesAndMoldsMembersrt:MinimumMember2020-01-012020-12-310001655075us-gaap:ToolsDiesAndMoldsMembersrt:MaximumMember2020-01-012020-12-310001655075afi:HeavyProductionEquipmentMembersrt:MinimumMember2020-01-012020-12-310001655075afi:HeavyProductionEquipmentMembersrt:MaximumMember2020-01-012020-12-310001655075us-gaap:BuildingMembersrt:MinimumMember2020-01-012020-12-310001655075us-gaap:BuildingMembersrt:MaximumMember2020-01-012020-12-310001655075us-gaap:SoftwareAndSoftwareDevelopmentCostsMembersrt:MinimumMember2020-01-012020-12-310001655075us-gaap:SoftwareAndSoftwareDevelopmentCostsMembersrt:MaximumMember2020-01-012020-12-310001655075us-gaap:ContractualRightsMembersrt:MinimumMember2020-01-012020-12-310001655075us-gaap:IntellectualPropertyMembersrt:MinimumMember2020-01-012020-12-310001655075us-gaap:IntellectualPropertyMembersrt:MaximumMember2020-01-012020-12-310001655075srt:CumulativeEffectPeriodOfAdoptionAdjustmentMember2019-01-012019-12-310001655075srt:CumulativeEffectPeriodOfAdoptionAdjustmentMember2018-01-012018-01-010001655075country:US2020-01-012020-12-310001655075country:US2019-01-012019-12-310001655075country:US2018-01-012018-12-310001655075country:CN2020-01-012020-12-310001655075country:CN2019-01-012019-12-310001655075country:CN2018-01-012018-12-310001655075country:CA2020-01-012020-12-310001655075country:CA2019-01-012019-12-310001655075country:CA2018-01-012018-12-310001655075country:AU2020-01-012020-12-310001655075country:AU2019-01-012019-12-310001655075country:AU2018-01-012018-12-310001655075afi:OtherCountriesExcludingUnitedStatesCanadaandChinaMember2020-01-012020-12-310001655075afi:OtherCountriesExcludingUnitedStatesCanadaandChinaMember2019-01-012019-12-310001655075afi:OtherCountriesExcludingUnitedStatesCanadaandChinaMember2018-01-012018-12-310001655075country:US2020-12-310001655075country:US2019-12-310001655075country:CN2020-12-310001655075country:CN2019-12-310001655075country:AU2020-12-310001655075country:AU2019-12-310001655075afi:CustomerAMember2020-01-012020-12-310001655075afi:CustomerAMember2019-01-012019-12-310001655075us-gaap:CommonStockMemberafi:The2016LTIPPlanMember2016-04-300001655075us-gaap:CommonStockMemberafi:The2016DirectorsPlanMember2016-04-300001655075afi:The2016LTIPPlanMember2020-12-310001655075afi:The2016DirectorsPlanMember2020-12-310001655075afi:PerformanceSharesPerformanceShareUnitsandRestrictedStockUnitsMember2020-12-310001655075afi:PerformanceSharesPerformanceShareUnitsandRestrictedStockUnitsMember2020-01-012020-12-31xbrli:pure0001655075afi:PerformanceShareAwardsMember2020-01-012020-12-310001655075us-gaap:PerformanceSharesMember2019-01-012019-12-310001655075us-gaap:PerformanceSharesMember2018-01-012018-12-310001655075us-gaap:PerformanceSharesMember2019-12-310001655075us-gaap:PerformanceSharesMember2018-12-310001655075afi:PerformanceSharesPerformanceShareUnitsandRestrictedStockUnitsMemberafi:HurdlePriceOneMember2020-03-242020-03-240001655075afi:PerformanceSharesPerformanceShareUnitsandRestrictedStockUnitsMemberafi:HurdlePriceTwoMember2020-03-242020-03-240001655075afi:PerformanceSharesPerformanceShareUnitsandRestrictedStockUnitsMemberafi:HurdlePriceThreeMember2020-03-242020-03-240001655075afi:PerformanceSharesPerformanceShareUnitsandRestrictedStockUnitsMemberafi:HurdlePriceFourMember2020-03-242020-03-240001655075afi:MonteCarloModelMember2020-03-242020-03-240001655075afi:PerformanceSharesPerformanceShareUnitsandRestrictedStockUnitsMember2019-09-112019-09-110001655075afi:PerformanceSharesPerformanceShareUnitsandRestrictedStockUnitsMemberafi:HurdlePriceOneMember2019-09-112019-09-110001655075afi:PerformanceSharesPerformanceShareUnitsandRestrictedStockUnitsMemberafi:HurdlePriceTwoMember2019-09-112019-09-110001655075afi:PerformanceSharesPerformanceShareUnitsandRestrictedStockUnitsMemberafi:HurdlePriceThreeMember2019-09-112019-09-110001655075afi:PerformanceSharesPerformanceShareUnitsandRestrictedStockUnitsMemberafi:HurdlePriceFourMember2019-09-112019-09-110001655075afi:PerformanceSharesPerformanceShareUnitsandRestrictedStockUnitsMemberafi:HurdlePriceFiveMember2019-09-112019-09-110001655075afi:PerformanceSharesPerformanceShareUnitsandRestrictedStockUnitsMemberafi:HurdlePriceOneMemberafi:MonteCarloModelMember2019-09-112019-09-110001655075afi:PerformanceSharesPerformanceShareUnitsandRestrictedStockUnitsMemberafi:HurdlePriceTwoMemberafi:MonteCarloModelMember2019-09-112019-09-110001655075afi:PerformanceSharesPerformanceShareUnitsandRestrictedStockUnitsMemberafi:HurdlePriceThreeMemberafi:MonteCarloModelMember2019-09-112019-09-110001655075afi:PerformanceSharesPerformanceShareUnitsandRestrictedStockUnitsMemberafi:MonteCarloModelMemberafi:HurdlePriceFourMember2019-09-112019-09-110001655075afi:PerformanceSharesPerformanceShareUnitsandRestrictedStockUnitsMemberafi:HurdlePriceFiveMemberafi:MonteCarloModelMember2019-09-112019-09-110001655075afi:MonteCarloModelMember2019-09-112019-09-110001655075us-gaap:PerformanceSharesMember2020-03-242020-03-240001655075us-gaap:PerformanceSharesMember2019-09-112019-09-110001655075afi:PerformanceSharesPerformanceShareUnitsandRestrictedStockUnitsMember2019-12-310001655075afi:PerformanceShareUnitsThatMaybeSettledinCashMember2019-12-310001655075us-gaap:RestrictedStockUnitsRSUMember2020-01-012020-12-310001655075us-gaap:RestrictedStockUnitsRSUMember2019-01-012019-12-310001655075us-gaap:RestrictedStockUnitsRSUMember2018-01-012018-12-310001655075us-gaap:RestrictedStockUnitsRSUMember2019-12-310001655075us-gaap:RestrictedStockUnitsRSUMember2020-12-310001655075afi:RestrictedStockUnitsThatMaybeSettledinCashMember2020-12-310001655075afi:RestrictedStockUnitsThatMaybeSettledinCashMember2019-12-310001655075us-gaap:RestrictedStockUnitsRSUMemberafi:The2016DirectorsPlanMember2020-01-012020-12-310001655075us-gaap:RestrictedStockUnitsRSUMemberafi:The2016DirectorsPlanMember2019-01-012019-12-310001655075us-gaap:RestrictedStockUnitsRSUMemberafi:The2016DirectorsPlanMember2018-01-012018-12-310001655075us-gaap:RestrictedStockUnitsRSUMemberafi:The2016DirectorsPlanMember2019-12-310001655075us-gaap:RestrictedStockUnitsRSUMemberafi:The2016DirectorsPlanMember2020-12-310001655075srt:MinimumMember2020-12-310001655075srt:MaximumMember2020-12-31afi:numberOfLeaseRenewals0001655075srt:MinimumMember2020-01-012020-12-310001655075us-gaap:DomesticCountryMember2020-01-012020-12-310001655075us-gaap:DomesticCountryMember2019-01-012019-12-310001655075us-gaap:DomesticCountryMember2018-01-012018-12-310001655075us-gaap:StateAndLocalJurisdictionMember2020-01-012020-12-310001655075us-gaap:StateAndLocalJurisdictionMember2019-01-012019-12-310001655075us-gaap:StateAndLocalJurisdictionMember2018-01-012018-12-310001655075us-gaap:ForeignCountryMember2020-01-012020-12-310001655075us-gaap:ForeignCountryMember2019-01-012019-12-310001655075us-gaap:ForeignCountryMember2018-01-012018-12-310001655075us-gaap:DomesticCountryMember2020-12-310001655075us-gaap:DomesticCountryMember2019-12-310001655075us-gaap:StateAndLocalJurisdictionMember2020-12-310001655075us-gaap:StateAndLocalJurisdictionMember2019-12-310001655075us-gaap:ForeignCountryMember2020-12-310001655075us-gaap:ForeignCountryMember2019-12-310001655075us-gaap:ForeignCountryMember2020-12-310001655075us-gaap:StateAndLocalJurisdictionMember2020-12-3100016550752016-12-3100016550752019-07-012019-09-300001655075afi:TZIMemberafi:TransitionServiceAgreementMember2019-01-012019-12-310001655075afi:AdministrativeFeesMemberafi:TZIMember2019-01-012019-12-310001655075afi:TZIMemberafi:TransitionServiceAgreementMember2020-01-012020-12-310001655075afi:TZIMember2019-01-012019-12-310001655075afi:DLWSubsidiaryMemberus-gaap:DiscontinuedOperationsDisposedOfBySaleMember2019-01-012019-12-310001655075afi:DLWSubsidiaryMemberus-gaap:DiscontinuedOperationsDisposedOfBySaleMember2018-01-012018-12-3100016550752019-04-012019-06-300001655075us-gaap:StockCompensationPlanMember2020-01-012020-12-310001655075us-gaap:StockCompensationPlanMember2019-01-012019-12-310001655075us-gaap:StockCompensationPlanMember2018-01-012018-12-310001655075us-gaap:PerformanceSharesMember2020-01-012020-12-310001655075us-gaap:PerformanceSharesMember2019-01-012019-12-310001655075us-gaap:PerformanceSharesMember2018-01-012018-12-310001655075us-gaap:LandMember2020-12-310001655075us-gaap:LandMember2019-12-310001655075us-gaap:BuildingMember2020-12-310001655075us-gaap:BuildingMember2019-12-310001655075us-gaap:MachineryAndEquipmentMember2020-12-310001655075us-gaap:MachineryAndEquipmentMember2019-12-310001655075us-gaap:SoftwareAndSoftwareDevelopmentCostsMember2020-12-310001655075us-gaap:SoftwareAndSoftwareDevelopmentCostsMember2019-12-310001655075us-gaap:ConstructionInProgressMember2020-12-310001655075us-gaap:ConstructionInProgressMember2019-12-310001655075us-gaap:LandMember2020-12-310001655075us-gaap:LandMember2019-12-310001655075us-gaap:BuildingAndBuildingImprovementsMember2020-12-310001655075us-gaap:BuildingAndBuildingImprovementsMember2019-12-310001655075us-gaap:OtherAssetsMember2020-12-310001655075us-gaap:OtherAssetsMember2019-12-310001655075us-gaap:ContractualRightsMember2020-12-310001655075us-gaap:ContractualRightsMember2019-12-310001655075us-gaap:IntellectualPropertyMember2020-12-310001655075us-gaap:IntellectualPropertyMember2019-12-310001655075us-gaap:TrademarksAndTradeNamesMember2020-12-310001655075us-gaap:TrademarksAndTradeNamesMember2019-12-310001655075us-gaap:LoansMember2020-12-310001655075us-gaap:LoansMember2019-12-310001655075us-gaap:LineOfCreditMember2020-12-310001655075us-gaap:LineOfCreditMember2019-12-310001655075us-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMember2020-12-310001655075us-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMember2019-12-310001655075afi:ABLFacilityMemberus-gaap:LineOfCreditMemberus-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMember2019-12-310001655075afi:ABLFacilityMemberus-gaap:LineOfCreditMemberus-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMember2020-12-310001655075afi:ABLFacilityMemberus-gaap:FederalFundsEffectiveSwapRateMemberus-gaap:LineOfCreditMemberus-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMember2020-06-232020-06-230001655075afi:ABLFacilityMemberus-gaap:LondonInterbankOfferedRateLIBORMemberus-gaap:LineOfCreditMemberus-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMember2020-06-232020-06-230001655075afi:ABLFacilityMemberus-gaap:LineOfCreditMemberus-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMembersrt:MinimumMember2020-12-310001655075afi:ABLFacilityMemberus-gaap:LineOfCreditMemberus-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMembersrt:MaximumMember2020-12-310001655075afi:ABLFacilityMemberus-gaap:LineOfCreditMemberus-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMemberus-gaap:BaseRateMember2020-06-232020-06-230001655075afi:ABLFacilityMemberus-gaap:EurodollarMemberus-gaap:LineOfCreditMemberus-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMember2020-06-232020-06-230001655075afi:ABLFacilityMemberus-gaap:LineOfCreditMemberus-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMembersrt:MinimumMember2020-06-232020-06-230001655075afi:ABLFacilityMemberus-gaap:LineOfCreditMemberus-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMembersrt:MaximumMember2020-06-232020-06-230001655075us-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMember2018-12-312018-12-310001655075us-gaap:LoansMember2020-01-012020-12-310001655075afi:DefinedContributionPlanPlanAMember2020-01-012020-12-310001655075srt:MaximumMember2020-01-012020-12-310001655075afi:DefinedContributionPlanPlanBMember2020-01-012020-12-310001655075country:USus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2019-12-310001655075country:USus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2018-12-310001655075us-gaap:ForeignPlanMemberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2019-12-310001655075us-gaap:ForeignPlanMemberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2018-12-310001655075country:USus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2020-01-012020-12-310001655075country:USus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2019-01-012019-12-310001655075us-gaap:ForeignPlanMemberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2020-01-012020-12-310001655075us-gaap:ForeignPlanMemberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2019-01-012019-12-310001655075country:USus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2020-12-310001655075us-gaap:ForeignPlanMemberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2020-12-310001655075country:USus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2018-01-012018-12-310001655075us-gaap:ForeignPlanMemberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2018-01-012018-12-310001655075country:USus-gaap:DefinedBenefitPlanDebtSecurityMemberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2020-12-310001655075country:USus-gaap:DefinedBenefitPlanDebtSecurityMemberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2019-12-310001655075us-gaap:DefinedBenefitPlanEquitySecuritiesUsMembercountry:USus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2020-12-310001655075us-gaap:DefinedBenefitPlanEquitySecuritiesUsMembercountry:USus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2019-12-310001655075us-gaap:DefinedBenefitPlanDebtSecurityMemberus-gaap:ForeignPlanMemberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2020-12-310001655075us-gaap:DefinedBenefitPlanDebtSecurityMemberus-gaap:ForeignPlanMemberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2019-12-310001655075us-gaap:DefinedBenefitPlanEquitySecuritiesUsMemberus-gaap:ForeignPlanMemberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2020-12-310001655075us-gaap:DefinedBenefitPlanEquitySecuritiesUsMemberus-gaap:ForeignPlanMemberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2019-12-310001655075afi:DefinedBenefitPlanOtherPlanAssetsMemberus-gaap:ForeignPlanMemberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2020-12-310001655075afi:DefinedBenefitPlanOtherPlanAssetsMemberus-gaap:ForeignPlanMemberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2019-12-310001655075country:USus-gaap:DefinedBenefitPlanDebtSecurityMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Memberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2020-12-310001655075country:USus-gaap:DefinedBenefitPlanDebtSecurityMemberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Member2020-12-310001655075us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Membercountry:USus-gaap:DefinedBenefitPlanDebtSecurityMemberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2020-12-310001655075us-gaap:DefinedBenefitPlanEquitySecuritiesMembercountry:USus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Memberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2020-12-310001655075us-gaap:DefinedBenefitPlanEquitySecuritiesMembercountry:USus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Member2020-12-310001655075us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Memberus-gaap:DefinedBenefitPlanEquitySecuritiesMembercountry:USus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2020-12-310001655075us-gaap:DefinedBenefitPlanEquitySecuritiesMembercountry:USus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2020-12-310001655075country:USafi:DefinedBenefitPlanOtherPlanAssetsMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Memberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2020-12-310001655075country:USafi:DefinedBenefitPlanOtherPlanAssetsMemberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Member2020-12-310001655075us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Membercountry:USafi:DefinedBenefitPlanOtherPlanAssetsMemberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2020-12-310001655075country:USafi:DefinedBenefitPlanOtherPlanAssetsMemberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2020-12-310001655075country:USus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Memberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2020-12-310001655075country:USus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Member2020-12-310001655075us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Membercountry:USus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2020-12-310001655075country:USus-gaap:DefinedBenefitPlanDebtSecurityMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Memberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2019-12-310001655075country:USus-gaap:DefinedBenefitPlanDebtSecurityMemberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Member2019-12-310001655075us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Membercountry:USus-gaap:DefinedBenefitPlanDebtSecurityMemberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2019-12-310001655075us-gaap:DefinedBenefitPlanEquitySecuritiesMembercountry:USus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Memberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2019-12-310001655075us-gaap:DefinedBenefitPlanEquitySecuritiesMembercountry:USus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Member2019-12-310001655075us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Memberus-gaap:DefinedBenefitPlanEquitySecuritiesMembercountry:USus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2019-12-310001655075us-gaap:DefinedBenefitPlanEquitySecuritiesMembercountry:USus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2019-12-310001655075country:USafi:DefinedBenefitPlanOtherPlanAssetsMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Memberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2019-12-310001655075country:USafi:DefinedBenefitPlanOtherPlanAssetsMemberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Member2019-12-310001655075us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Membercountry:USafi:DefinedBenefitPlanOtherPlanAssetsMemberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2019-12-310001655075country:USafi:DefinedBenefitPlanOtherPlanAssetsMemberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2019-12-310001655075country:USus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Memberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2019-12-310001655075country:USus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Member2019-12-310001655075us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Membercountry:USus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2019-12-310001655075us-gaap:DefinedBenefitPlanDebtSecurityMemberus-gaap:ForeignPlanMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Memberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2020-12-310001655075us-gaap:DefinedBenefitPlanDebtSecurityMemberus-gaap:ForeignPlanMemberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Member2020-12-310001655075us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Memberus-gaap:DefinedBenefitPlanDebtSecurityMemberus-gaap:ForeignPlanMemberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2020-12-310001655075us-gaap:DefinedBenefitPlanEquitySecuritiesMemberus-gaap:ForeignPlanMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Memberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2020-12-310001655075us-gaap:DefinedBenefitPlanEquitySecuritiesMemberus-gaap:ForeignPlanMemberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Member2020-12-310001655075us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Memberus-gaap:DefinedBenefitPlanEquitySecuritiesMemberus-gaap:ForeignPlanMemberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2020-12-310001655075us-gaap:DefinedBenefitPlanEquitySecuritiesMemberus-gaap:ForeignPlanMemberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2020-12-310001655075afi:DefinedBenefitPlanOtherPlanAssetsMemberus-gaap:ForeignPlanMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Memberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2020-12-310001655075afi:DefinedBenefitPlanOtherPlanAssetsMemberus-gaap:ForeignPlanMemberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Member2020-12-310001655075us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Memberafi:DefinedBenefitPlanOtherPlanAssetsMemberus-gaap:ForeignPlanMemberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2020-12-310001655075us-gaap:ForeignPlanMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Memberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2020-12-310001655075us-gaap:ForeignPlanMemberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Member2020-12-310001655075us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Memberus-gaap:ForeignPlanMemberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2020-12-310001655075us-gaap:DefinedBenefitPlanDebtSecurityMemberus-gaap:ForeignPlanMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Memberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2019-12-310001655075us-gaap:DefinedBenefitPlanDebtSecurityMemberus-gaap:ForeignPlanMemberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Member2019-12-310001655075us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Memberus-gaap:DefinedBenefitPlanDebtSecurityMemberus-gaap:ForeignPlanMemberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2019-12-310001655075us-gaap:DefinedBenefitPlanEquitySecuritiesMemberus-gaap:ForeignPlanMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Memberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2019-12-310001655075us-gaap:DefinedBenefitPlanEquitySecuritiesMemberus-gaap:ForeignPlanMemberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Member2019-12-310001655075us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Memberus-gaap:DefinedBenefitPlanEquitySecuritiesMemberus-gaap:ForeignPlanMemberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2019-12-310001655075us-gaap:DefinedBenefitPlanEquitySecuritiesMemberus-gaap:ForeignPlanMemberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2019-12-310001655075afi:DefinedBenefitPlanOtherPlanAssetsMemberus-gaap:ForeignPlanMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Memberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2019-12-310001655075afi:DefinedBenefitPlanOtherPlanAssetsMemberus-gaap:ForeignPlanMemberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Member2019-12-310001655075us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Memberafi:DefinedBenefitPlanOtherPlanAssetsMemberus-gaap:ForeignPlanMemberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2019-12-310001655075us-gaap:ForeignPlanMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Memberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2019-12-310001655075us-gaap:ForeignPlanMemberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Member2019-12-310001655075us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Memberus-gaap:ForeignPlanMemberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2019-12-310001655075us-gaap:OtherPostretirementBenefitPlansDefinedBenefitMember2019-12-310001655075us-gaap:OtherPostretirementBenefitPlansDefinedBenefitMember2018-12-310001655075us-gaap:OtherPostretirementBenefitPlansDefinedBenefitMember2020-01-012020-12-310001655075us-gaap:OtherPostretirementBenefitPlansDefinedBenefitMember2019-01-012019-12-310001655075us-gaap:OtherPostretirementBenefitPlansDefinedBenefitMember2020-12-310001655075us-gaap:OtherPostretirementBenefitPlansDefinedBenefitMember2018-01-012018-12-310001655075us-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2020-12-310001655075us-gaap:CashFlowHedgingMemberus-gaap:ForeignExchangeForwardMember2020-01-012020-12-310001655075us-gaap:CashFlowHedgingMemberus-gaap:ForeignExchangeForwardMember2020-12-310001655075us-gaap:CashFlowHedgingMemberus-gaap:ForeignExchangeForwardMember2019-12-310001655075us-gaap:FairValueHedgingMemberus-gaap:ForeignExchangeForwardMember2020-12-310001655075us-gaap:FairValueHedgingMemberus-gaap:ForeignExchangeForwardMember2019-12-310001655075us-gaap:ForeignExchangeContractMemberus-gaap:CashFlowHedgingMemberus-gaap:DesignatedAsHedgingInstrumentMember2020-12-310001655075us-gaap:ForeignExchangeContractMemberus-gaap:CashFlowHedgingMemberus-gaap:DesignatedAsHedgingInstrumentMember2019-12-310001655075us-gaap:ForeignExchangeContractMemberus-gaap:NondesignatedMember2020-12-310001655075us-gaap:ForeignExchangeContractMemberus-gaap:NondesignatedMember2019-12-310001655075us-gaap:ForeignExchangeContractMemberus-gaap:CashFlowHedgingMemberus-gaap:DesignatedAsHedgingInstrumentMember2020-01-012020-12-310001655075us-gaap:ForeignExchangeContractMemberus-gaap:CashFlowHedgingMemberus-gaap:DesignatedAsHedgingInstrumentMember2019-01-012019-12-310001655075us-gaap:ForeignExchangeContractMemberus-gaap:CashFlowHedgingMemberus-gaap:DesignatedAsHedgingInstrumentMember2018-01-012018-12-310001655075us-gaap:ForeignExchangeContractMemberus-gaap:NondesignatedMember2020-01-012020-12-310001655075us-gaap:ForeignExchangeContractMemberus-gaap:NondesignatedMember2019-01-012019-12-310001655075us-gaap:ForeignExchangeContractMemberus-gaap:NondesignatedMember2018-01-012018-12-310001655075us-gaap:CarryingReportedAmountFairValueDisclosureMemberus-gaap:ForeignExchangeContractMemberus-gaap:NondesignatedMember2020-12-310001655075us-gaap:ForeignExchangeContractMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Memberus-gaap:NondesignatedMember2020-12-310001655075us-gaap:ForeignExchangeContractMemberus-gaap:NondesignatedMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Member2020-12-310001655075us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Memberus-gaap:ForeignExchangeContractMemberus-gaap:NondesignatedMember2020-12-310001655075us-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMemberus-gaap:CarryingReportedAmountFairValueDisclosureMember2020-12-310001655075us-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Member2020-12-310001655075us-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Member2020-12-310001655075us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Memberus-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMember2020-12-310001655075us-gaap:CarryingReportedAmountFairValueDisclosureMemberus-gaap:ForeignLineOfCreditMember2020-12-310001655075us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Memberus-gaap:ForeignLineOfCreditMember2020-12-310001655075us-gaap:ForeignLineOfCreditMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Member2020-12-310001655075us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Memberus-gaap:ForeignLineOfCreditMember2020-12-310001655075us-gaap:LongTermDebtMemberus-gaap:CarryingReportedAmountFairValueDisclosureMember2020-12-310001655075us-gaap:LongTermDebtMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Member2020-12-310001655075us-gaap:LongTermDebtMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Member2020-12-310001655075us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Memberus-gaap:LongTermDebtMember2020-12-310001655075us-gaap:FairValueDisclosureItemAmountsDomainus-gaap:LongTermDebtMember2020-12-310001655075us-gaap:CarryingReportedAmountFairValueDisclosureMember2020-12-310001655075us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Member2020-12-310001655075us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Member2020-12-310001655075us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Member2020-12-310001655075us-gaap:EstimateOfFairValueFairValueDisclosureMember2020-12-310001655075us-gaap:CarryingReportedAmountFairValueDisclosureMemberus-gaap:ForeignExchangeContractMemberus-gaap:NondesignatedMember2019-12-310001655075us-gaap:ForeignExchangeContractMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Memberus-gaap:NondesignatedMember2019-12-310001655075us-gaap:ForeignExchangeContractMemberus-gaap:NondesignatedMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Member2019-12-310001655075us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Memberus-gaap:ForeignExchangeContractMemberus-gaap:NondesignatedMember2019-12-310001655075us-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMemberus-gaap:CarryingReportedAmountFairValueDisclosureMember2019-12-310001655075us-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Memberus-gaap:NondesignatedMember2019-12-310001655075us-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMemberus-gaap:NondesignatedMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Member2019-12-310001655075us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Memberus-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMemberus-gaap:NondesignatedMember2019-12-310001655075us-gaap:CarryingReportedAmountFairValueDisclosureMember2019-12-310001655075us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Member2019-12-310001655075us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Member2019-12-310001655075us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Member2019-12-310001655075us-gaap:EstimateOfFairValueFairValueDisclosureMember2019-12-3100016550752017-03-062019-05-0300016550752017-03-0600016550752019-05-0300016550752019-05-1700016550752019-06-212019-06-210001655075us-gaap:AccumulatedTranslationAdjustmentMember2020-01-012020-12-310001655075us-gaap:AccumulatedNetGainLossFromDesignatedOrQualifyingCashFlowHedgesMember2020-01-012020-12-310001655075us-gaap:AccumulatedDefinedBenefitPlansAdjustmentMember2020-01-012020-12-310001655075us-gaap:AccumulatedTranslationAdjustmentMember2019-01-012019-12-310001655075us-gaap:AccumulatedNetGainLossFromDesignatedOrQualifyingCashFlowHedgesMember2019-01-012019-12-310001655075us-gaap:AccumulatedDefinedBenefitPlansAdjustmentMember2019-01-012019-12-310001655075us-gaap:AccumulatedTranslationAdjustmentMember2018-01-012018-12-310001655075us-gaap:AccumulatedNetGainLossFromDesignatedOrQualifyingCashFlowHedgesMember2018-01-012018-12-310001655075us-gaap:AccumulatedDefinedBenefitPlansAdjustmentMember2018-01-012018-12-310001655075us-gaap:AccumulatedTranslationAdjustmentMember2018-12-310001655075us-gaap:AccumulatedNetGainLossFromDesignatedOrQualifyingCashFlowHedgesMember2018-12-310001655075us-gaap:AccumulatedDefinedBenefitPlansAdjustmentMember2018-12-310001655075us-gaap:AccumulatedTranslationAdjustmentMember2019-12-310001655075us-gaap:AccumulatedNetGainLossFromDesignatedOrQualifyingCashFlowHedgesMember2019-12-310001655075us-gaap:AccumulatedDefinedBenefitPlansAdjustmentMember2019-12-310001655075us-gaap:AccumulatedTranslationAdjustmentMember2020-12-310001655075us-gaap:AccumulatedNetGainLossFromDesignatedOrQualifyingCashFlowHedgesMember2020-12-310001655075us-gaap:AccumulatedDefinedBenefitPlansAdjustmentMember2020-12-310001655075us-gaap:AccumulatedNetGainLossFromDesignatedOrQualifyingCashFlowHedgesMemberus-gaap:ForeignExchangeContractMemberus-gaap:LongMemberus-gaap:ReclassificationOutOfAccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2020-01-012020-12-310001655075us-gaap:AccumulatedNetGainLossFromDesignatedOrQualifyingCashFlowHedgesMemberus-gaap:ForeignExchangeContractMemberus-gaap:LongMemberus-gaap:ReclassificationOutOfAccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2019-01-012019-12-310001655075us-gaap:AccumulatedNetGainLossFromDesignatedOrQualifyingCashFlowHedgesMemberus-gaap:ForeignExchangeContractMemberus-gaap:LongMemberus-gaap:ReclassificationOutOfAccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2018-01-012018-12-310001655075us-gaap:AccumulatedNetGainLossFromDesignatedOrQualifyingCashFlowHedgesMemberus-gaap:ForeignExchangeContractMemberus-gaap:ShortMemberus-gaap:ReclassificationOutOfAccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2020-01-012020-12-310001655075us-gaap:AccumulatedNetGainLossFromDesignatedOrQualifyingCashFlowHedgesMemberus-gaap:ForeignExchangeContractMemberus-gaap:ShortMemberus-gaap:ReclassificationOutOfAccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2019-01-012019-12-310001655075us-gaap:AccumulatedNetGainLossFromDesignatedOrQualifyingCashFlowHedgesMemberus-gaap:ForeignExchangeContractMemberus-gaap:ShortMemberus-gaap:ReclassificationOutOfAccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2018-01-012018-12-310001655075us-gaap:AccumulatedNetGainLossFromDesignatedOrQualifyingCashFlowHedgesMemberus-gaap:ForeignExchangeContractMemberus-gaap:DiscontinuedOperationsDisposedOfBySaleMemberus-gaap:ShortMemberus-gaap:ReclassificationOutOfAccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2020-01-012020-12-310001655075us-gaap:AccumulatedNetGainLossFromDesignatedOrQualifyingCashFlowHedgesMemberus-gaap:ForeignExchangeContractMemberus-gaap:DiscontinuedOperationsDisposedOfBySaleMemberus-gaap:ShortMemberus-gaap:ReclassificationOutOfAccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2019-01-012019-12-310001655075us-gaap:AccumulatedNetGainLossFromDesignatedOrQualifyingCashFlowHedgesMemberus-gaap:ForeignExchangeContractMemberus-gaap:DiscontinuedOperationsDisposedOfBySaleMemberus-gaap:ShortMemberus-gaap:ReclassificationOutOfAccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2018-01-012018-12-310001655075us-gaap:AccumulatedNetGainLossFromDesignatedOrQualifyingCashFlowHedgesMemberus-gaap:ReclassificationOutOfAccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2020-01-012020-12-310001655075us-gaap:AccumulatedNetGainLossFromDesignatedOrQualifyingCashFlowHedgesMemberus-gaap:ReclassificationOutOfAccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2019-01-012019-12-310001655075us-gaap:AccumulatedNetGainLossFromDesignatedOrQualifyingCashFlowHedgesMemberus-gaap:ReclassificationOutOfAccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2018-01-012018-12-310001655075us-gaap:AccumulatedDefinedBenefitPlansAdjustmentNetPriorServiceCostCreditMemberus-gaap:ReclassificationOutOfAccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2020-01-012020-12-310001655075us-gaap:AccumulatedDefinedBenefitPlansAdjustmentNetPriorServiceCostCreditMemberus-gaap:ReclassificationOutOfAccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2019-01-012019-12-310001655075us-gaap:AccumulatedDefinedBenefitPlansAdjustmentNetPriorServiceCostCreditMemberus-gaap:ReclassificationOutOfAccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2018-01-012018-12-310001655075us-gaap:AccumulatedDefinedBenefitPlansAdjustmentNetUnamortizedGainLossMemberus-gaap:ReclassificationOutOfAccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2020-01-012020-12-310001655075us-gaap:AccumulatedDefinedBenefitPlansAdjustmentNetUnamortizedGainLossMemberus-gaap:ReclassificationOutOfAccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2019-01-012019-12-310001655075us-gaap:AccumulatedDefinedBenefitPlansAdjustmentNetUnamortizedGainLossMemberus-gaap:ReclassificationOutOfAccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2018-01-012018-12-310001655075us-gaap:AccumulatedDefinedBenefitPlansAdjustmentNetUnamortizedGainLossMemberus-gaap:DiscontinuedOperationsDisposedOfBySaleMemberus-gaap:ReclassificationOutOfAccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2020-01-012020-12-310001655075us-gaap:AccumulatedDefinedBenefitPlansAdjustmentNetUnamortizedGainLossMemberus-gaap:DiscontinuedOperationsDisposedOfBySaleMemberus-gaap:ReclassificationOutOfAccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2019-01-012019-12-310001655075us-gaap:AccumulatedDefinedBenefitPlansAdjustmentNetUnamortizedGainLossMemberus-gaap:DiscontinuedOperationsDisposedOfBySaleMemberus-gaap:ReclassificationOutOfAccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2018-01-012018-12-310001655075us-gaap:AccumulatedDefinedBenefitPlansAdjustmentMemberus-gaap:ReclassificationOutOfAccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2020-01-012020-12-310001655075us-gaap:AccumulatedDefinedBenefitPlansAdjustmentMemberus-gaap:ReclassificationOutOfAccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2019-01-012019-12-310001655075us-gaap:AccumulatedDefinedBenefitPlansAdjustmentMemberus-gaap:ReclassificationOutOfAccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2018-01-012018-12-310001655075us-gaap:DiscontinuedOperationsDisposedOfBySaleMemberus-gaap:AccumulatedDefinedBenefitPlansAdjustmentMemberus-gaap:ReclassificationOutOfAccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2020-01-012020-12-310001655075us-gaap:DiscontinuedOperationsDisposedOfBySaleMemberus-gaap:AccumulatedDefinedBenefitPlansAdjustmentMemberus-gaap:ReclassificationOutOfAccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2019-01-012019-12-310001655075us-gaap:DiscontinuedOperationsDisposedOfBySaleMemberus-gaap:AccumulatedDefinedBenefitPlansAdjustmentMemberus-gaap:ReclassificationOutOfAccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2018-01-012018-12-310001655075us-gaap:ReclassificationOutOfAccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2020-01-012020-12-310001655075us-gaap:ReclassificationOutOfAccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2019-01-012019-12-310001655075us-gaap:ReclassificationOutOfAccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2018-01-012018-12-3100016550752020-10-012020-10-010001655075us-gaap:SubsequentEventMember2021-02-250001655075us-gaap:SubsequentEventMember2021-02-252021-02-2500016550752020-01-012020-03-3100016550752020-04-012020-06-3000016550752020-07-012020-09-3000016550752020-10-012020-12-3100016550752019-01-012019-03-3100016550752019-10-012019-12-310001655075us-gaap:AllowanceForCreditLossMember2019-12-310001655075us-gaap:AllowanceForCreditLossMember2020-01-012020-12-310001655075us-gaap:AllowanceForCreditLossMember2020-12-310001655075afi:SECSchedule1209AllowanceForDiscountsMember2019-12-310001655075afi:SECSchedule1209AllowanceForDiscountsMember2020-01-012020-12-310001655075afi:SECSchedule1209AllowanceForDiscountsMember2020-12-310001655075us-gaap:WarrantyReservesMember2019-12-310001655075us-gaap:WarrantyReservesMember2020-01-012020-12-310001655075us-gaap:WarrantyReservesMember2020-12-310001655075us-gaap:InventoryValuationReserveMember2019-12-310001655075us-gaap:InventoryValuationReserveMember2020-01-012020-12-310001655075us-gaap:InventoryValuationReserveMember2020-12-310001655075us-gaap:ValuationAllowanceOfDeferredTaxAssetsMember2019-12-310001655075us-gaap:ValuationAllowanceOfDeferredTaxAssetsMember2020-01-012020-12-310001655075us-gaap:ValuationAllowanceOfDeferredTaxAssetsMember2020-12-310001655075us-gaap:AllowanceForCreditLossMember2018-12-310001655075us-gaap:AllowanceForCreditLossMember2019-01-012019-12-310001655075afi:SECSchedule1209AllowanceForDiscountsMember2018-12-310001655075afi:SECSchedule1209AllowanceForDiscountsMember2019-01-012019-12-310001655075us-gaap:WarrantyReservesMember2018-12-310001655075us-gaap:WarrantyReservesMember2019-01-012019-12-310001655075us-gaap:InventoryValuationReserveMember2018-12-310001655075us-gaap:InventoryValuationReserveMember2019-01-012019-12-310001655075us-gaap:ValuationAllowanceOfDeferredTaxAssetsMember2018-12-310001655075us-gaap:ValuationAllowanceOfDeferredTaxAssetsMember2019-01-012019-12-310001655075us-gaap:AllowanceForCreditLossMember2017-12-310001655075us-gaap:AllowanceForCreditLossMember2018-01-012018-12-310001655075afi:SECSchedule1209AllowanceForDiscountsMember2017-12-310001655075afi:SECSchedule1209AllowanceForDiscountsMember2018-01-012018-12-310001655075afi:SECSchedule1209AllowanceForDiscountsMembersrt:CumulativeEffectPeriodOfAdoptionAdjustmentMember2018-01-012018-12-310001655075us-gaap:WarrantyReservesMember2017-12-310001655075us-gaap:WarrantyReservesMember2018-01-012018-12-310001655075srt:CumulativeEffectPeriodOfAdoptionAdjustmentMemberus-gaap:WarrantyReservesMember2018-01-012018-12-310001655075us-gaap:InventoryValuationReserveMember2017-12-310001655075us-gaap:InventoryValuationReserveMember2018-01-012018-12-310001655075us-gaap:ValuationAllowanceOfDeferredTaxAssetsMember2017-12-310001655075us-gaap:ValuationAllowanceOfDeferredTaxAssetsMember2018-01-012018-12-31
    

 
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-K
ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2020
 
OR
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
Commission File Number 001-37589
ARMSTRONG FLOORING, INC.
(Exact name of Registrant as specified in its charter)
Delaware47-4303305
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization) (I.R.S. employer Identification number)
       2500 Columbia Avenue,Lancaster,PA17603
(Address of principal executive offices)(Zip Code)
(717)672-9611
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each classTrading Symbol(s)Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock, $0.0001 par valueAFINew York Stock Exchange
                Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act: None

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act. Yes   ¨ No   þ

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act. Yes   ¨ No   þ

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.  Yes   þ No   ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that registrant was required to submit such files.)  Yes   þ No   ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company.  See definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer Accelerated filer
Non-accelerated filer Smaller reporting company
Emerging growth company
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant has filed a report on and attestation to its management's assessment of the effectiveness of its internal control over financial reporting under Section 404(b) of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act (15 U.S.C. 7262(b)) by the registered public accounting firm that prepared or issued its audit report.  Yes     No  ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant is a shell company (as defined by Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).  Yes     No   þ

The aggregate market value of the Common Stock of Armstrong Flooring, Inc. held by non-affiliates based on the closing price ($2.99 per share) on the New York Stock Exchange (trading symbol AFI) as of June 30, 2020 was approximately $53.0 million. As of February 19, 2021 the number of shares outstanding of the registrant’s Common Stock was 21,664,811.


DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE
Certain sections of Armstrong Flooring, Inc.’s definitive Proxy Statement for use in connection with its 2021 annual meeting of stockholders, to be filed no later than April 30, 2021 (120 days after the last day of our 2020 fiscal year), are incorporated by reference into Part III of this Form 10-K Report where indicated.
 



    

Armstrong Flooring, Inc.

Table of Contents
Page Number
PART I
Item 1.
Item 1A.
Item 1B.
Item 2.
Item 3.
Item 4.
PART II
Item 5.
Item 6.
Item 7.
Item 7A.
Item 8.
Item 9.
Item 9A.
PART III
Item 10.
Item 11.
Item 12.
Item 13.
Item 14.
PART IV
Item 15.
Item 16.









    

CAUTIONARY STATEMENT CONCERNING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

Certain statements in this Annual Report on Form 10-K ("Form 10-K") and the documents incorporated by reference may constitute forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Those forward-looking statements are subject to various risks and uncertainties and include all statements that are not historical statements of fact and those regarding our intent, belief or expectations, including, but not limited to, our expectations concerning our commercial and residential markets and their effect on our operating results, and our ability to increase revenues, earnings and earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization. Words such as “anticipate,” “expect,” “intend,” “plan,” “target,” “project,” “predict,” “believe,” “may,” “will,” “would,” “could,” “should,” “seek,” “estimate” and similar expressions are intended to identify such forward-looking statements. These statements are based on management’s current expectations and beliefs and are subject to a number of factors that could lead to actual results materially different from those described in the forward-looking statements. Although we believe that the assumptions underlying the forward-looking statements are reasonable, we can give no assurance that our expectations will be attained. Factors that could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition, liquidity, results of operations or future prospects or which could cause actual results to differ materially from our expectations include, but are not limited to:

execution of strategy;
competition;
availability and costs of raw materials and energy;
key customers;
construction activity;
liquidity;
debt covenants;
debt;
pandemics, epidemics or other public health emergencies such as the outbreak of COVID-19;
global economic conditions;
international operations;
environmental and regulatory matters;
information systems and transition services;
personnel;
intellectual property rights;
claims and litigation;
labor;
outsourcing; and
other risks detailed from time to time in our filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission, press releases and other communications, including those set forth under “Risk Factors” included elsewhere in this Form 10-K and in the documents incorporated by reference.

Such forward-looking statements speak only as of the date they are made. We expressly disclaim any obligation to release publicly any updates or revisions to any forward-looking statements to reflect any change in our expectations with regard thereto or change in events, conditions or circumstances on which any statement is based.






1



PART I


Item 1. Business

Armstrong Flooring, Inc. ("AFI" or the "Company") is a Delaware corporation incorporated in 2015. When we refer to "we," "our," and "us" in this report, we are referring to Armstrong Flooring, Inc. and its consolidated subsidiaries.

We are a leading global producer of resilient flooring products for use primarily in the construction and renovation of commercial, residential and institutional buildings. We design, manufacture, source and sell flooring products primarily in North America and the Pacific Rim.

On April 1, 2016, we became an independent company as a result of the separation by Armstrong World Industries, Inc. ("AWI"), a Pennsylvania corporation, of its Resilient Flooring and Wood Flooring segments from its Building Products segment (the "Separation"). The Separation was effected by allocating the assets and liabilities related primarily to the Resilient Flooring and Wood Flooring segments to AFI and then distributing the common stock of AFI to AWI’s shareholders (the "Distribution"). The Separation and Distribution (together, the "Spin-off") resulted in AFI and AWI becoming two independent, publicly traded companies, with AFI owning and operating the Resilient Flooring and Wood Flooring segments and AWI continuing to own and operate a ceilings business.

In November 2018, we entered into a definitive agreement to sell our North American wood flooring business to Tarzan Holdco, Inc., a Delaware corporation and an affiliate of American Industrial Partners. The sale was completed on December 31, 2018. The historical financial results of the North American wood flooring business have been reflected in our Consolidated Financial Statements as a discontinued operation for all periods presented. Subsequent to the sale of the North American wood flooring business, the Company's results are part of a single reportable segment.

During early 2020, the Company established a multi-year strategic roadmap to transform and modernize its operations to become a leaner, faster-growing and more profitable business. The transformation encompasses three critical objectives: (i) expanding customer reach; (ii) simplifying product offerings and operations; and (iii) strengthening core capabilities. In addition, the Company has implemented a new operating model to more effectively accomplish these objectives by: (i) placing customers first by aligning services and products through a more seamless value chain; (ii) leading the industry in product innovation; (iii) simplifying processes and operating complexity to become more competitive and efficient; (iv) realigning the go-to-market model to reach all relevant channels and customers; (v) implementing system changes to improve operations, reduce costs and reignite organic growth; and (vi) investing thoughtfully with a return-focused mindset. The goal of this focused strategy is to transform and modernize AFI, resulting in a company that is more agile, faster-growing and more profitable.

Markets
We hold leadership or significant market share positions in the majority of the product categories and markets in which we operate. We compete exclusively in the resilient flooring product category in North America and the Pacific Rim. The majority of our sales are in North America, where we serve both commercial and residential markets. In the Pacific Rim, we are principally focused on commercial markets. Our business operates in a competitive environment across all our product categories and excess capacity exists in much of the industry.  We continue to see efforts by various competitors to price aggressively as a means to gain market share. The major markets in which we compete are:

North American Commercial — Our products are used in commercial, institutional buildings and multi-family housing. Our revenue opportunities come from new construction as well as renovation of existing buildings. Industry analysts estimate that renovation work represents the majority of the total North American commercial market opportunity. Most of our revenue comes from three major segments of commercial building: education, healthcare and retail. During 2020, the Company has also begun to explore expansion into the hospitality segment which represents a new growth opportunity. We monitor U.S. construction starts and follow project activity. Our revenue from new construction can lag behind construction starts by as much as twenty-four months given that the installation of flooring typically occurs later in the construction process. We also monitor architectural activity, gross domestic product ("GDP") and general employment levels, which can indicate movement in renovation and new construction opportunities. We believe that these statistics, taking into account the time-lag effect, provide a reasonable indication of our future revenue opportunity from commercial renovation and new construction. We also believe that consumer preferences for product type, style, color, availability, performance attributes and affordability significantly affect our revenue.






2



North American Residential — We sell products for use in single and multi-family housing. Homeowners, contractors, builders, and property management firms can choose from our innovative flooring products. We compete directly with other domestic and international suppliers of these products. Our flooring products also compete with carpet, stone, wood and ceramic products, which we do not offer.

Our products are used in new home construction and existing home renovation work. Industry analysts estimate that existing home renovation (also known as replacement/remodel) work represents a majority of the total North American residential market opportunity. We monitor key U.S. statistics including existing home sales (a key indicator for renovation opportunity), housing starts, housing completions, home prices, interest rates and consumer confidence. We believe there is some longer-term correlation between these statistics and our revenue after reflecting a lag period of several months between a change in these indicators and our operating results. However, we believe that consumers’ preferences for product type, style, color, availability, performance attributes and affordability also significantly affect our revenue. Further, changes in inventory levels and/or product focus at national home centers and independent wholesale flooring distributors can significantly affect our revenue.

Outside of North America — We also serve commercial markets in the Pacific Rim region with approximately 90% of the sales in this region coming from China and Australia. The commercial segments we serve are similar to the North American market (healthcare, education, and retail). However, there is a higher penetration of resilient flooring in the hospitality and infrastructure segments in China than we see in North America. For the countries where we have significant revenue, we monitor various national statistics (such as GDP) as well as construction data (starts and project-related information).

The following table provides an estimate of our net sales, by major markets(a):
North American CommercialNorth American ResidentialOutside of North America
NewRenovationNewRenovationNewRenovationTotal
10%30%5%40%10%5%100%
(a) Management has estimated the above data as the ultimate end-use of our products is not easily determinable. Management believes these estimates to be consistent year-over-year.

Demand for our products is influenced by economic conditions. We closely monitor publicly available macroeconomic trend data that provides insight to commercial and residential market activity; this includes GDP growth indices, the Architecture Billings Index and the Consumer Confidence Index, as well as housing starts and existing home sales. In addition, our channel partners raise or lower their inventory levels according to their expectations of market demand and consumer preferences, which directly affects our sales.

Products

Luxury vinyl tile ("LVT") - LVT represents the fastest growing resilient flooring product category. Through enhanced wear layers and coatings, LVT delivers improved durability and lower maintenance over traditional vinyl tile. In addition, the utilization of advanced printing and embossing technology provides LVT with upgraded visual realism in a wide variety of attractive wood and stone designs. LVT’s modular format offers a wide range of installation options for the professional and do-it-yourself installer, with an enhanced ease of installation when compared to other products such as wood or ceramic tile; this can be seen with the growing popularity of floating and rigid LVT floors. The largest market for LVT is North America. We believe LVT growth has and will continue to come partially at the expense of other product categories in both the soft and hard surface flooring markets.

Vinyl composition tile ("VCT") - VCT is a flooring material composed of polyvinylchloride ("PVC") chips formed into solid sheets and cut into modular shapes that offers a classic look and economical value. We are the largest producer of VCT which is primarily used in commercial environments. The market for VCT is a mature and well-structured category and has continued to experience a softening in demand due to customer trends, which have continued to favor alternate products, including LVT products.

Vinyl sheet - Vinyl sheet is a resilient flooring product that comes in a roll that is cut to size. Vinyl sheet performs in high-traffic settings and is low maintenance. Our product Rejuvenations™ Restore™ addresses heath care concerns of both comfort and sound. We produce and sell vinyl sheet product for both residential and commercial markets. We continue to experience a decline in demand for our traditional resilient products, particularly residential vinyl sheet products. The decline in vinyl sheet is driven by loss of market share to competitors as well as consumer trends, which have continued to favor alternate products, including LVT products. During 2020, we introduced the industry's first non-PVC vinyl sheet system, Medinpure™, for use in healthcare applications, which was recognized by many trade publications and industry organizations.





3



Customers
We use our reputation, capabilities, service and brand recognition to develop long-standing relationships with our customers. We sell products through both independent wholesale flooring distributors, who re-sell our products to retailers, builders, contractors, installers and others as well as direct to specialty retailers. In the commercial sector, we also have important relationships with subcontractors’ alliances, large architectural firms, large design firms and major facility owners in our focus segments. In the North American retail channel, which sells to end-users in the residential and light commercial segments, we have important relationships with several national home centers and flooring retailers. Additionally, we also have important relationships with major home builders and retail buying groups in the North American residential sector.

Approximately 75% of our consolidated net sales in 2020 were to distributors. Sales to large home centers accounted for approximately 16% of our consolidated sales in 2020. Our remaining sales were primarily to other retailers, end-use customers and contractors. One customer accounted for 10% or more of our total consolidated net sales in 2020.

Competition
We face strong competition in all of our businesses. Principal attributes of competition include product performance, product styling, service and price. Competition in North America comes from both domestic and international manufacturers. Additionally, some of our products compete with alternative products or finishing solutions. Our resilient flooring products compete with carpet, stone, wood, ceramic products, rubber and stained or polished concrete. There is excess industry capacity for certain products in some geographies, which tends to increase price competition. The following companies are our primary competitors: Beaulieu International Group N.V., Creative Flooring Solution, Congoleum Corporation, Engineered Floors, LLC, Forbo Holding AG, Gerflor Group, HMTX Industries (including Metroflor Corporation), Interface, Inc. (including Nora Systems GmbH), LG Floors, Mannington Mills, Inc., Mohawk Industries, Inc., Shaw Industries, Inc. and Tarkett AG. We also compete with private label brokers.

Raw Materials
We purchase raw materials from numerous suppliers worldwide in the ordinary course of business. The principal raw materials include: PVC resins and films, plasticizers, fiberglass and felt backings, limestone, pigments, inks, stabilizers and coatings.

We also purchase significant amounts of packaging materials and consume substantial amounts of energy, such as electricity, natural gas and water.

In general, adequate supplies of raw materials are available. However, availability can change for a number of reasons, including environmental conditions, laws and regulations, shifts in demand by other industries competing for the same materials, transportation disruptions and/or business decisions made by, or events that affect, our suppliers. If these suppliers were unable to satisfy our requirements, we believe alternative supply arrangements would be available.

Prices for certain high usage raw materials can fluctuate dramatically. Cost increases for these materials can have a significant adverse impact on our manufacturing costs. During the fourth quarter of 2020 there was a resin shortage due to a hurricane and COVID-19. This caused a temporary increase in the price of resin, which is used to make PVC.

Sourced Products
Some of our products are sourced from third parties. Our primary sourced products include LVT, vinyl sheet, installation and maintenance materials and accessories. We purchase most of our sourced products from suppliers that are located outside of the U.S., primarily from Asia. Sales of sourced products represented approximately 30% of our total consolidated revenue in 2020.

In general, adequate supplies of sourced products are available. However, availability can change for a number of reasons, including environmental conditions, laws and regulations including tariffs, production and transportation disruptions and/or business decisions made by, or events that affect, our suppliers. If these suppliers were unable to satisfy our requirements, we believe alternative supply arrangements would be available.

Recent trends in shipping have extended delivery times for certain products and materials, primarily from China and Vietnam. While we expect this to be temporary in nature, we cannot reasonably predict when the imbalance of global shipping capacity and demand will end.










4



Tariffs
Tariffs impact the cost of products we import from China. The U.S. government announced a tariff of 10% on certain flooring products imported to the U.S. from China, effective on September 24, 2018 with an additional 15% effective on May 10, 2019. In order to partially offset the impact, we implemented price increases that went into effect in the fourth quarter of 2018, and additional price increases that went into effect in the second quarter of 2019 on select impacted products. On November 8, 2019, an exclusion on tariffs of certain flooring products was announced. The exclusion applied retroactively to September 24, 2018. Additional products were added to the exclusion in the second quarter of 2020, also retroactive to September 24, 2018. The exclusions expired in August 2020. We filed for tariff refunds on these products in 2020 and recorded refunds as a reduction of previously recorded expense once formal approval was received. Upon expiration of the exclusion, we implemented a price increase on select impacted products to offset the expense of the tariffs.

Seasonality
Generally, our sales in North America tend to be stronger in the second and third quarters of our fiscal year due to more favorable weather conditions, customer business cycles and education renovations typical during the summer months. We see similar patterns with respect to our sales in the Pacific Rim, though the timing of the Chinese New Year can affect buying behaviors in the first fiscal quarter.

Patent and Intellectual Property Rights
Patent protection is important to our business. Our competitive position has been enhanced by U.S. and foreign patents on products and processes developed or perfected within AFI, including those before and after the Spin-off, or obtained through acquisitions and licenses. In addition, we benefit from our trade secrets for certain products and processes.

Patent protection extends for varying periods according to the date of patent filing or grant and the legal term of a patent in the various countries where patent protection is obtained. The actual protection afforded by a patent, which can vary from country to country, depends upon the type of patent, the scope of its coverage and the availability of legal remedies. Although we consider that, in the aggregate, our patents, licenses and trade secrets constitute a valuable asset of material importance to our business, we do not regard any of our businesses as being materially dependent upon any single patent or trade secret, or any group of related patents or trade secrets.

An example of patented technology includes Diamond 10® Technology, which is patented in the United States and certain other countries.

We own or have a license to use certain trademarks, including, without limitation, Armstrong®, Alterna®, BBT®, Diamond 10® Technology, Empower™, Excelon®, Imperial®, Initiator™, Inspiring Great Spaces®, Luxe Plank®, Medintech®, Empower™, Medinpure™, Memories™, Natural Creations®, Station Square™, StrataMax® and Vivero®, which are important to our business because of their significant brand name recognition. This includes the new Armstrong Flooring logos developed in 2020 to strengthen and differentiate the Armstrong Flooring brand. Trademark protection continues in some countries as long as the mark is used and continues in other countries as long as the mark is registered. Registrations are generally for fixed, but renewable, terms.

Sustainability
We believe that a commitment to positive environmental and social practices strengthens our organization, increases our connection with our stakeholders and helps us better serve our customers and communities. Through these commitments which are embedded in our corporate strategy, we see additional ways to create value for our stockholders, our employees, our customers and the wider world. As part of this commitment, the Company focuses on operating its global footprint with minimal impact on the environment and designing products with materials and processes that are safe for both people and the planet. As a company, we recover over 90% of our generated waste and operate a closed loop product take-back program which has recycled over 150 million pounds of post-consumer flooring (since program inception prior to the Spin-off). Solar installations at our China and Australia facilities have further reduced our carbon footprint. While water recirculation and rainwater harvesting projects have eliminated over 123 million gallons of water use since 2008. We provide our employees with ongoing support through education, training, development and leadership opportunities and we prioritize the safety and well-being of our employees, stakeholders and communities. We demonstrate our commitment to environmental and social matters in many ways that can be explored on our website at www.armstrongflooring.com.











5



Human Capital

Overview
Armstrong Flooring had 1,552 employees globally as of December 31, 2020. Our workforce spans 1,267 employees in the U.S. and 285 employees in Canada, Australia, China, the Philippines, Singapore and Vietnam combined.

We are evolving our culture and our human capital strategies to best serve all these employees and align with our growth strategies and the changing social environments. Fostering a culture that is values-based, responsible, ethical and inclusive motivates and empowers our employees. This culture enables us to attract and retain the most talented people, engage them in meaningful and inspiring work; and as a result, fulfill our business goals and objectives. Our human capital philosophy is simple: Invest in people and they will return your investment in dividends. We grow together, encouraging one another to develop our own unique skills and celebrating each individual’s uniqueness, to find fulfillment, success and advancement.

Health and Safety
A key focus of our shared community is on the health, safety and well-being of our employees. We engage in continuous physical safety programs throughout our manufacturing facilities and provide mental and physical well-being programs to all employees. We quickly implemented measures during the COVID-19 pandemic to ensure employee health, safety and well-being. In addition to encouraging all employees whose jobs permitted to work remotely, we closed our manufacturing facilities for two weeks to implement new safety protocols. We relied on the best science at the time to create new protocols such as:

Temperature checks and touchless hand sanitizing stations throughout the plant
Special proximity monitors to alert employees when they come within 6 feet of another person

In the U.S., we also provided free COVID-19 testing to all employees and waived sick pay/short-term disability waiting times to all employees. In order to encourage good mental and physical health we waived all fees for Teladoc visits and made other changes, including training, to promote physical and mental well-being.

Talent Development
We recognize that in order to drive innovation and operational excellence, we must attract, develop, motivate and retain diverse, world-class talent. Through the execution of our people strategy and management succession plan, we are working to expand our talent pipeline and build a workforce with the skills necessary to thrive in the workplace of the future. Our workforce development efforts are focused on ensuring that we will maintain our leadership position in the industry and continue to provide our customers with innovative flooring solutions. We utilize digital recruiting tools to remove roadblocks typically faced by diverse candidates in applying to positions so that we can obtain a strong diverse candidate pool.

Through regular employee engagement surveys, semi-annual talent reviews, real-time discussions, available employee communication channels and a focus on our Values; we monitor the needs and expectations of our employees and respond to meet these evolving employee needs. We provide employees with ongoing opportunities to grow and develop through many different programs, including professional and leadership development, continuous performance management internal mobility. These programs and activities increased our employee engagement ratings and led to a workforce dedicated to creating value.

Diversity, Equity & Inclusion
We recognize diversity, equity and inclusion ("DE&I") as a business imperative. We believe that our business accomplishments are a result of the efforts of our employees around the world and that a diverse employee population will result in a better understanding of our customers’ needs. We respect the attributes that make each individual unique, including those that can be seen and those that are acquired or learned. Our DE&I purpose is to evolve the organization and our culture to reflect the customers and communities we serve, where employees can be their authentic selves and where differences in background, thought and experience are welcomed, valued and celebrated. We demonstrate purposeful actions and incorporate intentional practices to drive these inclusive behaviors in our daily work. One key example is through changes to our recruiting program, where we have digitally enabled our process to broaden the applicant pool to diverse groups that have traditionally had difficulty accessing job opportunities. This has increased the diversity of our candidate pool and our hires.

We are committed to continually reviewing our operational practices and aligning DE&I initiatives with business objectives. Our DE&I commitment is demonstrated by the establishment of our Diversity, Equity & Inclusion Council which considers all parts of our employee experience to ensure that DE&I principles are incorporated into our talent acquisition strategies, development offerings and employee services. The Council is comprised of, and led by, our employees, with executive sponsorship up to and including our CEO.







6



Competitive Pay and Employee Benefits
We provide market-competitive compensation and benefits to our employees. Our pay programs are designed to be performance-based so that employees are paid based on performance that they can control. Our benefits programs are reviewed each year to ensure that we are meeting current practices in providing benefits that meet the health and safety needs of our employees. When special circumstances occur, such as the recent pandemic, we adjust our benefits to meet our employees’ needs.

Legal and Regulatory Proceedings
AFI’s manufacturing and research facilities are affected by various federal, state and local requirements relating to the discharge of materials and the protection of the environment. We make expenditures necessary for compliance with applicable environmental requirements at each of our operating facilities. These regulatory requirements continually change, therefore we cannot predict with certainty future expenditures associated with compliance with environmental requirements.

We are involved in various lawsuits, claims, investigations and other legal matters from time to time that arise in the ordinary course of conducting business, including matters involving our products, intellectual property, relationships with suppliers, distributors and competitors, employees and other matters. For example, we are currently a party to various litigation matters that involve product liability, tort liability and other claims under a wide range of allegations, including illness due to exposure to certain chemicals used in the workplace, or medical conditions arising from exposure to product ingredients or the presence of trace contaminants. In some cases, these allegations involve multiple defendants and relate to legacy products that we and other defendants purportedly manufactured or sold. We believe these claims and allegations to be without merit and intend to defend them vigorously. While complete assurance cannot be given to the outcome of these proceedings, we do not believe that any of these matters, individually or in the aggregate, will have a material adverse effect on our financial condition, results of operations or cash flows.

On November 15, 2019, a shareholder filed a putative class action complaint in the United States District Court for the Central District of California alleging violations of Sections 10(b) and 20(a) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 and Rule 10b-5, promulgated thereunder, based on alleged false and/or misleading statements or omissions made between March 6, 2018 and November 4, 2019.  On March 2, 2020, the court issued an order appointing a lead plaintiff and lead counsel.  On July 2, 2020, the lead plaintiff filed an amended complaint asserting similar violations and expanding the alleged class period to cover alleged false and/or misleading statements or omissions made between March 6, 2018 and March 3, 2020.  On November 30, 2020, the Company reached a settlement in principle to fully resolve this matter. The agreement, which is subject to final documentation and Court approval, provides in part for a settlement payment of $3.75 million in exchange for the dismissal and a release of all claims against the defendants in connection with the securities class action suit. Neither the Company nor any individual defendant admits any wrongdoing through the settlement agreement. On January 15, 2021, the lead plaintiff filed a motion for preliminary approval of the settlement. On February 23, 2021, the court granted preliminary approval of the settlement, preliminary certification of the settlement class and approval to provide notice to the class. The final settlement approval hearing is currently scheduled for July 19, 2021. The $3.75 million settlement payment will be paid by the Company’s insurance provider under its insurance policy. Payment is expected during 2021.
While complete assurance cannot be given to the outcome of these proceedings, we do not believe that any of these matters, individually or in the aggregate, will have a material adverse effect on our financial condition, results of operations, or cash flows.
We have not experienced a material adverse effect upon our capital expenditures or competitive position as a result of environmental control legislation and regulations. There were no material liabilities recorded at December 31, 2020 for potential environmental liabilities on a global basis that we consider probable and for which a reasonable estimate of the probable liability could be made. See Note 19, Litigation and Related Matters, in Part II, Item 8, "Financial Statements" and Part I, Item 1A, "Risk Factors" for additional information.

Website
We maintain a website at www.armstrongflooring.com. Information contained on our website is not incorporated into this document. Reference in this Annual Report on Form 10-K to our website is an inactive text reference only. Annual reports on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, current reports on Form 8-K, all amendments to those reports and other information about us are available free of charge through this website as soon as reasonably practicable after the reports are electronically filed with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission.





7



Item 1A. Risk Factors

Risks Related to our Business, Operations and Industry

Failure to successfully execute our strategy to transform and modernize our business and related investment costs may materially adversely affect our market position, financial condition, liquidity or results of operations.
In March 2020 we announced our strategy to transform and modernize our business, including through go-to-market efforts featuring expanded customer reach, simplification of our business processes, strengthened product innovation and optimized production capabilities. Our inability to execute and fund any of these strategies, including through any failure to invest sufficiently, or to realize intended revenue; margin; selling, general and administrative expenses; working capital or capital expenditure benefits or improvements, could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition, liquidity or results of operations.

We compete with numerous flooring manufacturers in highly competitive markets. Competition can affect customer preferences, reduce demand for our products, negatively affect our product sales mix, leverage greater financial resources, or cause us to lower prices, any or all which could adversely affect our financial condition, liquidity or results of operations.
Our markets are highly competitive. We compete for sales of flooring products with many manufacturers and independent distributors of resilient flooring as well as with manufacturers who also produce other types of flooring products. Some of our competitors have greater financial resources than we do. Competition can reduce demand for our products, negatively affect our product sales mix or cause us to lower prices. Our customers consider our products' performance, content and styling, as well as customer service and price when deciding whether to purchase our products. Shifting consumer preference in our highly competitive markets whether for performance, product content, styling preferences, or our inability to develop and offer new competitive performance features, could have an adverse effect on our sales. Regulatory action or new product standards could also steer consumers away from our products.

In addition, excess industry capacity for certain products in several geographic markets could lead to industry consolidation and/or increased price competition. We are also subject to potential increased price competition from overseas competitors, which may have lower cost structures.

Our failure to compete effectively through management of our product portfolio, by meeting consumer preferences, maintaining market share positions in our traditional categories and gaining market leadership in growth product categories such as LVT, could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition, liquidity or results of operations.

If the availability of direct materials (raw materials, packaging, sourced products, energy) decreases, or these costs increase and we are unable to pass along increased costs, our financial condition, liquidity or results of operations could be adversely affected.
The availability and cost of direct materials, including raw materials, packaging materials, energy and sourced products are critical to our operations. For example, we use substantial quantities of petrochemical-based raw materials in our manufacturing operations. The cost of some of these items has been volatile in recent years and availability has been limited at times. We source some materials from a limited number of suppliers, which, among other things, increases the risk of unavailability. We also source from overseas and could be subject to international trade costs, such as tariffs, transportation and foreign exchange rates, or international epidemics, including, without limitation, the COVID-19 outbreak. There is also a concentration of our sourced products in an emerging market, which subjects us to legislative, political, regulatory and economic volatility and vulnerability. This dependency and any limited availability could cause us to reformulate products or limit our production. Decreased access to direct materials and energy or significant increased cost to purchase these items, as well as increased transportation and trade costs, delays due to government-mandated initiatives in response to the COVID-19 and any corresponding inability to pass along such costs through price increases or meet demand requirements, as applicable, could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition, liquidity or results of operations.

Sales fluctuations to and changes in our relationships with key customers could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition, liquidity or results of operations.
Some of our business lines and markets are dependent on a few key customers, including independent distributors. The loss, reduction, or fluctuation of sales to one of these major customers, or any adverse change in our business relationship with any one of them, could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition, liquidity or results of operations.







8



Our business is dependent on construction activity. Downturns in construction activity could adversely affect our financial condition, liquidity or results of operations.
Our business has greater sales opportunities when construction activity is strong and, conversely, has fewer opportunities when such activity declines. The cyclical nature of commercial and residential construction activity, including construction activity funded by the public sector, tends to be influenced by prevailing economic conditions, including the rate of growth in GDP, prevailing interest rates, government spending patterns, business, investor and consumer confidence and other factors beyond our control. Prolonged downturns in construction activity could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition, liquidity or results of operations.

Risks Related to Liquidity

We require a significant amount of liquidity to fund our strategy and operations.
Our liquidity needs vary throughout the year. If our business experiences materially negative unforeseen events, we may be unable to generate sufficient cash flow from operations to fund our needs or maintain sufficient liquidity to operate and remain in compliance with our debt covenants, which could result in reduced or delayed planned capital expenditures and other investments and adversely affect our financial condition or results of operations.

Our credit agreements contain a number of covenants that impose significant operating and financial restrictions, including restrictions on our ability to engage in activities that may be in our best long-term interests.
The credit agreements underlying our $90 million Amended ABL Credit Facility and $70 million Term Loan Facility include covenants that, among other things, may impose significant operating and financial restrictions, including restrictions or limitations on our ability to engage in activities that may be in our best long-term interests. The credit facilities include covenants that, among other things, require us to provide the bank groups' agents (the “Agents”) with certain information with respect to us and the borrowing base and to maintain or otherwise preserve the collateral in favor of the Agents and further restricts our ability to make acquisitions and repurchase equity. Under the terms of the credit facilities, we are required to maintain a specified fixed charge coverage and net leverage ratios. Our ability to meet these ratios could be affected by events beyond our control and we cannot assure that we will meet them. A breach of any of the restrictive covenants or ratios would result in a default under the credit facilities. If any such default occurs, the lenders under the credit facilities may be able to elect to declare all outstanding borrowings under our facilities, together with accrued interest and other fees, to be immediately due and payable, or enforce their security interest. The lenders may also have the right in these circumstances to terminate commitments to provide further borrowings.

Our indebtedness may adversely affect our cash flow and our ability to operate our business, make payments on our indebtedness and declare dividends on our capital stock.
Our level of indebtedness and degree of leverage could:

make it more difficult for us to satisfy our obligations with respect to our indebtedness;
make us more vulnerable to adverse changes in general economic, industry and competitive conditions and adverse changes in government regulation;
limit our flexibility in planning for, or reacting to, changes in our business and the industry in which we operate;
place us at a competitive disadvantage compared to our competitors that are less leveraged and, therefore, more able to take advantage of opportunities that our leverage prevents us from pursuing;
limit our ability to refinance existing indebtedness or borrow additional amounts for working capital, capital expenditures, acquisitions, debt service requirements, execution of our business strategy or other purposes;
restrict our ability to pay dividends on our capital stock; and
adversely affect our credit ratings.

We may also incur additional indebtedness, which could exacerbate the risks described above. In addition, to the extent that our indebtedness bears interest at floating rates, our sensitivity to interest rate fluctuations will increase.

Any of the above listed factors could materially adversely affect our financial condition, liquidity or results of operations.









9



Risks Related to the Macro-Economic and Regulatory Environment

Our business, results of operations, financial condition, cash flows and stock price can be adversely affected by pandemics, epidemics or other public health emergencies, such as the outbreak of COVID-19.
We could be negatively impacted by the widespread outbreak of an illness or any other communicable disease, or any other public health crisis that results in economic and trade disruptions, including the disruption of global supply chains. In December 2019, there was an outbreak of a new strain of COVID-19. On March 11, 2020, the World Health Organization characterized COVID-19 as a pandemic. The COVID-19 pandemic has negatively impacted the global economy, disrupted global supply chains and workforce participation due to “shelter-in-place” restrictions by various governments worldwide and created significant volatility and disruption of financial markets. This adversely impacted our results of operations during fiscal year 2020. The extent of the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on our future operational and financial performance, including our ability to execute our business strategies and initiatives in the expected time frame, will depend on future developments, including the duration and spread of the pandemic and related restrictions on travel and transports; the effect on our customers and demand for our products and services; our ability to sell and provide our products and services, including as a result of travel restrictions and people working remotely; the ability of our customers to pay for our products and services; the overall health of our production employees and our ability to maintain adequate staffing of our facilities to satisfy marketplace demand for our products; and any closures of our or our customers’ offices and facilities all of which are uncertain and cannot be predicted. An extended period of global supply chain and economic disruption could materially affect our business, our results of operations, our access to sources of liquidity, the carrying value of our tangible and intangible assets, our financial condition and our stock price.

Worldwide economic conditions could have a material adverse impact on our financial condition, liquidity or results of operations.
Our business is influenced by conditions in domestic and foreign economies, including inflation, deflation, interest rates, availability and cost of capital, consumer spending rates, energy availability and the effects of governmental initiatives to manage economic conditions. Volatility in financial markets and the continued softness or further deterioration of national and global economic conditions could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition, liquidity or results of operations, including as follows:

the financial stability of our customers or suppliers may be compromised, which could result in additional bad debts for us or non-performance by suppliers;
commercial and residential consumers of our products may postpone spending in response to tighter credit, negative financial news and/or stagnation or further declines in income or asset values, which could have a material adverse impact on the demand for our product;
the fair value of the investment funds underlying our defined-benefit pension plans may decline, which could result in negative plan investment performance, additional charges and may require significant cash contributions to such plans to meet obligations or regulatory requirements; and
our asset impairment assessments and underlying valuation assumptions may change, which could result from changes to estimates of future sales and cash flows that may lead to substantial impairment charges.

Continued or sustained deterioration of economic conditions would likely exacerbate and prolong these adverse effects.

We are subject to risks associated with our international operations in both established and emerging markets. Legislative, political, regulatory and economic volatility, as well as vulnerability to infrastructure and labor disruptions, could have an adverse effect on our financial condition, liquidity or results of operations.
A portion of our products move in international trade, with approximately 20% of our revenues from operations outside the U.S. and Canada in 2020. Our international trade is subject to currency exchange fluctuations, trade regulations, tariffs, import duties, logistics costs, delays and other related risks, including, for example, the COVID-19 outbreak. Our international operations are also subject to various tax rates, credit risks in emerging markets, political risks, uncertain legal systems and loss of sales to local competitors following currency devaluations in countries where we import products for sale.









10



In addition, our international growth strategy depends in part on our ability to expand our operations in certain emerging markets. However, some emerging markets have greater political and economic volatility and greater vulnerability to infrastructure and labor disruptions than established markets. In many countries outside of the U.S., particularly in those with developing economies, it may be common for others to engage in business practices prohibited by laws and regulations applicable to us, such as the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act or similar local anti-corruption or anti-bribery laws, which generally prohibit companies and their employees, contractors or agents from making improper payments to government officials for the purpose of obtaining or retaining business. Failure to comply with these laws, as well as U.S. and foreign export and trading laws, could subject us to civil and criminal penalties. As we continue to expand our business globally, including in emerging markets, we may have difficulty anticipating and effectively managing these and other risks that our international operations may face, which may adversely affect our business outside the U.S. and our financial condition, liquidity or results of operations.

We may be subject to liability under and may make substantial future expenditures to comply with environmental laws and regulations, which could materially adversely affect our financial condition, liquidity or results of operations.
We are involved with environmental investigation and remediation activities for which our ultimate liability may exceed the currently estimated and accrued amounts. It is possible that we could become subject to additional environmental matters and corresponding liabilities in the future. See Note 19, Litigation and Related Matters, in Part II, Item 8, "Financial Statements," for further information related to environmental matters.

Our industry has been subject to claims relating to raw materials. We have not received any significant claims involving our raw materials or our product performance; however, product liability insurance coverage may not be available or adequate in all circumstances to cover claims that may arise in the future.

In addition, our operations are subject to various domestic and foreign environmental, health and safety laws and regulations. These laws and regulations not only govern our current operations and products, but also impose potential liability on us for our past operations. Our costs to comply with these laws and regulations may increase as these requirements become more stringent in the future and these increased costs may materially adversely affect our financial condition, liquidity or results of operations.

Other Risks Related to our Operations

Disruptions to or failures of our various information systems could have an adverse effect on our business.
We rely heavily on our information systems to operate our business activities, including, among other things, purchasing, distribution, inventory management, processing, shipping and receiving, billing and collection, financial reporting and record keeping. We also rely on our computer hardware, software and network for the storage, delivery and transmission of data to our sales systems, distribution systems and certain of our production processes are managed and conducted by computer. Any interruption, whether caused by human error, natural disasters, power loss, computer viruses, system conversion, intentional acts of vandalism, or various forms of cybercrimes including and not limited to hacking, intrusions, malware or otherwise, could disrupt our normal operations. There can be no assurance that we can effectively carry out our disaster recovery plan to handle the failure of our information systems, or that we will be able to restore our operational capacity within sufficient time to avoid material disruption to our business. The occurrence of any of these events could cause unanticipated disruptions in service, decreased customer service and customer satisfaction, harm to our reputation and loss or misappropriation of sensitive information, which could result in loss of customers, increased operating expenses and financial losses. Any such events could in turn have a material adverse effect on our financial condition, liquidity or results of operations.

Our performance depends on our ability to attract, develop and retain talented management.
We must attract, develop and retain qualified and talented personnel in senior management, sales, marketing, product design and operations. We compete with numerous companies for these employees and invest resources in recruiting, developing, motivating and retaining them. The failure to attract, develop, motivate and retain key employees could negatively affect our competitive position, execution on strategic priorities and operating results.












11



Our intellectual property rights may not provide meaningful commercial protection for our products or brands, which could adversely impact our financial condition, liquidity or results of operations.
We rely on our proprietary intellectual property, including numerous patents and registered trademarks, as well as our licensed intellectual property to market, promote and sell our products. We will monitor and protect against activities that might infringe, dilute, or otherwise harm our patents, trademarks and other intellectual property and rely on the patent, trademark and other laws of the U.S. and other countries. However, we may be unable to prevent third parties from using our intellectual property without our authorization. In addition, the laws of some non-U.S. jurisdictions, particularly those of certain emerging markets, will provide less protection for our proprietary rights than the laws of the U.S. and present greater risks of counterfeiting and other infringement. To the extent we cannot protect our intellectual property, unauthorized use and misuse of our intellectual property could harm our competitive position and have a material adverse effect on our financial condition, liquidity or results of operations.

Adverse judgments in regulatory actions, product claims, environmental claims and other litigation could be costly. Insurance coverage may not be available or adequate in all circumstances.
In the ordinary course of business, we are subject to various claims and litigation. Any such claims, whether with or without merit, could be time consuming and expensive to defend and could divert management’s attention and resources. While we will strive to ensure that our products comply with applicable government regulatory standards and internal requirements, and that our products perform effectively and safely, customers from time to time could claim that our products do not meet warranty or contractual requirements, or were improperly installed and users could claim to be harmed by use or misuse of our products. These claims could give rise to breach of contract, warranty or recall claims, or claims for negligence, product liability, strict liability, personal injury or property damage. They could also result in negative publicity.

In addition, claims and investigations may arise related to patent infringement, distributor relationships, commercial contracts, antitrust or competition law requirements, employment matters, employee benefits issues, data privacy and other compliance and regulatory matters, including anti-corruption and anti-bribery matters. For example, we are currently a party to various litigation matters that involve product liability, tort liability and other claims under a wide range of allegations, including illness due to exposure to certain chemicals used in the workplace, or medical conditions arising from exposure to product ingredients or the presence of trace contaminants. In some cases, these allegations involve multiple defendants and relate to legacy products that we and other defendants purportedly manufactured or sold. While we have processes and policies designed to mitigate these risks and to investigate and address such claims as they arise, we will not be able to predict or, in some cases, control the costs to defend or resolve such claims.

We currently maintain insurance against some, but not all, of these potential claims. In the future, we may not be able to maintain insurance at commercially acceptable premium levels. In addition, the levels of insurance we maintain may not be adequate to fully cover any and all losses or liabilities. If any significant judgment or claim is not fully insured or indemnified against, it could have a material adverse impact. We cannot assure that the outcome of all current or future litigation will not have a material adverse effect on our financial condition, liquidity or results of operations.

Increased costs of labor, labor disputes, work stoppages or union organizing activity could delay or impede production and could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition, liquidity or results of operations.
Increased costs of U.S. and international labor, including the costs of employee benefits plans, labor disputes, work stoppages or union organizing activity could delay or impede production and have a material adverse effect on our financial condition, liquidity or results of operations. A significant portion of our manufacturing employees are represented by unions and covered by collective bargaining or similar agreements, we often incur costs attributable to periodic renegotiation of those agreements, which may be difficult to project. We are also subject to the risk that strikes or other conflicts with organized personnel may arise or that we may become the subject of union organizing activity at our facilities that do not currently have union representation. Prolonged negotiations, conflicts or related activities could also lead to costly work stoppages and loss of productivity.

We outsource our information technology infrastructure which makes us more dependent upon third parties.
In an effort to make our information technology (“IT”) functions more efficient, increase related capabilities, as well as generate cost savings, we outsource a significant portion of our IT infrastructure to a third party service provider. As a result, we rely on the third party to ensure that our related needs are sufficiently met. This reliance subjects us to risks arising from the loss of control over certain processes, changes in pricing that may affect our operating results and potentially, termination of provisions of these services by our supplier. A failure of our service provider to perform may have a material adverse effect on our financial condition, liquidity or results of operations.






12



Risks Related to our Common Stock

Our stock price is subject to volatility.
Our stock price has experienced price volatility in the past and may continue to do so in the future. We, the flooring industry and the stock market have experienced stock price and volume fluctuations that have affected stock prices in ways that may have been unrelated to operating performance.

A stockholder's percentage of ownership in us may be diluted in the future.
A stockholder's percentage ownership in us may be diluted because of equity issuances for acquisitions, capital market transactions or otherwise, including, without limitation, equity awards that we may grant to our directors, officers and employees. Such issuances may have a dilutive effect on our earnings per share, which could adversely affect the market price of our common stock.

In addition, our amended and restated certificate of incorporation authorizes us to issue, without the approval of our stockholders, one or more classes or series of preferred stock having such designation, powers, preferences and relative, participating, optional and other special rights, including preferences over our common stock with respect to dividends and distributions, as our Board of Directors (the "Board") generally may determine. The terms of one or more classes or series of preferred stock could dilute the voting power or reduce the value of our common stock. For example, we could grant the holders of preferred stock the right to elect some number of our directors in all events or on the happening of specified events or to veto specified transactions. Similarly, the repurchase or redemption rights or liquidation preferences we could assign to holders of preferred stock could affect the residual value of our common stock.

Certain provisions in our amended and restated certificate of incorporation and bylaws, and of Delaware law, may prevent or delay an acquisition of our company, which could decrease the trading price of our common stock.
Our amended and restated certificate of incorporation and amended and restated bylaws contain, and Delaware law contains, provisions that are intended to deter coercive takeover practices and inadequate takeover bids by making such practices or bids unacceptably expensive to the bidder and to encourage prospective acquirers to negotiate with our Board rather than to attempt a hostile takeover. These provisions include, among others:

the inability of our stockholders to call a special meeting;
rules regarding how stockholders may present proposals or nominate directors for election at stockholder meetings;
the right of our Board of directors to issue preferred stock without stockholder approval;
a provision that directors serving on a classified board may be removed by stockholders only for cause; and
the ability of our directors, and not stockholders, to fill vacancies on our Board.

In addition, because we are subject to Section 203 of the General Corporation Law of the State of Delaware (the “DGCL”), this provision could also delay or prevent a change in control that stockholders may favor. Section 203 provides that, subject to limited exceptions, persons that acquire, or are affiliated with a person that acquires, more than 15% of the outstanding voting stock of a Delaware corporation shall not engage in any business combination with that corporation, including by merger, consolidation or acquisitions of additional shares, for a three-year period following the date on which that person or its affiliates becomes the holder of more than 15% of the corporation’s outstanding voting stock.

We believe these provisions will protect our stockholders from coercive or otherwise unfair takeover tactics by requiring potential acquirers to negotiate with our Board and by providing our Board with more time to assess any acquisition proposal. These provisions are not intended to make us immune from takeovers. However, these provisions will apply even if the offer may be considered beneficial by some stockholders and the provisions could delay or prevent an acquisition that our Board determines is not in the best interests of AFI and its stockholders. These provisions may also prevent or discourage attempts to remove and replace incumbent directors.













13



Risks Related to the Separation from AWI

If the Separation and Distribution fails to qualify as a tax-free transaction for U.S. federal income tax purposes, then we could be subject to significant tax liability or tax indemnity obligations.
AWI received an opinion of AWI’s tax counsel, Skadden, Arps, Slate, Meagher & Flom LLP, on the basis of certain facts, representations, covenants and assumptions set forth in such opinion, substantially to the effect that, for U.S. federal income tax purposes, the Separation and Distribution should qualify as a transaction that generally is tax-free to AWI and AWI’s shareholders, for U.S. federal income tax purposes, under Sections 355 and 368(a)(1)(D) of the Internal Revenue Code.

Notwithstanding the tax opinion, the Internal Revenue Service (“IRS”) could determine on audit that the Distribution should be treated as a taxable transaction if it determines that any of the facts, assumptions, representations or covenants set forth in the tax opinion is not correct or has been violated, or that the Distribution should be taxable for other reasons, including as a result of a significant change in stock or asset ownership after the Distribution, or if the IRS were to disagree with the conclusions of the tax opinion. If the Distribution is ultimately determined to be taxable, the Distribution could be treated as a taxable dividend to shareholders for U.S. federal income tax purposes and shareholders could incur significant U.S. federal income tax liability. In addition, AWI and/or we could incur significant U.S. federal income tax liabilities or tax indemnification obligations, whether under applicable law or the Tax Matters Agreement that we entered into with AWI, if it is ultimately determined that certain related transactions undertaken in anticipation of the Distribution are taxable.

We will be required to satisfy certain indemnification obligations to AWI or may not be able to collect on indemnification rights from AWI.
Under the terms of the Separation and Distribution, we will indemnify AWI from and after the Separation and Distribution with respect to (i) all debts, liabilities and obligations allocated or transferred to us in connection with the Separation and Distribution (including our failure to pay, perform or otherwise promptly discharge any such debts, liabilities or obligations after the Separation and Distribution); (ii) any misstatement or omission of a material fact in our Information Statement, dated March 24, 2016, resulting in a misleading statement; (iii) any breach by us of the Separation and Distribution Agreement, the Employee Matters Agreement, the Tax Matters Agreement, the Campus Lease Agreement or the Trademark License Agreements; and (iv) our ownership and operation of our business. We are not aware of any existing indemnification obligations at this time, but any such indemnification obligations that may arise could be significant. Under the terms of the Separation and Distribution Agreement, AWI will indemnify us from and after the Separation and Distribution with respect to (i) all debts, liabilities and obligations allocated to AWI after the Separation and Distribution (including its failure to pay, perform or otherwise promptly discharge any such debts, liabilities or obligations after the Separation and Distribution); (ii) any breach by AWI of the Separation and Distribution Agreement, the Employee Matters Agreement, the Tax Matters Agreement, the Campus Lease Agreement or the Trademark License Agreements; and (iii) AWI’s ownership and operation of its business. Our and AWI’s ability to satisfy these indemnities, if called upon to do so, will depend upon our and AWI’s future financial strength. If we are required to indemnify AWI, or if we are not able to collect on indemnification rights from AWI, our financial condition, liquidity or results of operations could be materially and adversely affected. We cannot determine whether we will have to indemnify AWI, or if AWI will have to indemnify us, for any substantial obligations after the Distribution.



Item 1B. Unresolved Staff Comments

None.







14



Item 2. Properties

Our worldwide corporate headquarters is located in Lancaster, Pennsylvania and is leased.

The following table details the location and principal use of the Company's most significant properties:

Location Principal UseInterest
Lancaster, Pennsylvania, U.S.Production - LVT & Residential SheetOwned
Beech Creek, Pennsylvania, U.S.Production - Printed FilmOwned
Kankakee, Illinois, U.S.Production - VCT & Residential Tile Owned
Stillwater, Oklahoma, U.S.Production - LVT & Residential SheetOwned
Jackson, Mississippi, U.S.Production - VCTOwned
South Gate, California, U.S. (a)
Production - Residential TileOwned
Montebello, California, U.S.Warehouse & DistributionLeased
Wujiang, Jiangsu, ChinaProduction - Commercial SheetOwned
Braeside, Victoria, AustraliaProduction - Commercial Sheet Owned
(a) We have announced our intent to close our California manufacturing plant during the first quarter of 2021. On February 25, 2021, the Company entered into a definitive agreement to sell its South Gate, California facility. See Note 20, Subsequent Events, in Part II, Item 8 “Financial Statements” for additional information.

In addition to the above, the Company also operates from a number of other smaller sales and administrative offices (leased or owned) and warehousing facilities (leased or owned). The Company considers all of its properties at which operations are currently performed to be in satisfactory condition and suitable for their intended use.

Production capacity and the extent of utilization of our facilities are difficult to quantify with certainty. In any one facility, utilization of our capacity varies periodically depending upon demand for the product that is being manufactured. We believe our facilities are adequate and suitable to support the business. Additional incremental investments in plant facilities are made as appropriate to balance capacity with anticipated demand, improve quality, improve service and reduce costs.


Item 3. Legal Proceedings

We are involved in various claims and legal actions arising in the ordinary course of business. In the opinion of our management, the ultimate disposition of these matters will not have a material adverse effect on our consolidated financial condition, results of operations or cash flows. See Note 19, Litigation and Related Matters, in Part II, Item 8, "Financial Statements" for additional information related to legal proceedings.


Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures

Not applicable.





15



PART II


Item 5. Market for the Registrant's Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

AFI’s common shares trade on the New York Stock Exchange under the ticker symbol “AFI.” As of December 31, 2020, there were approximately 193 holders of record of AFI’s common stock.

We did not declare any dividends during 2020 or 2019.

We completed a modified "Dutch auction" self-tender offer on June 21, 2019. See Note 18, Stockholders' Equity, in Part II, Item 8, "Financial Statements".

The Company's stock performance graph, required by Item 5, is incorporated by reference to the section entitled "Stock Performance Graph" in the Company’s Definitive Proxy Statement for its 2021 Annual Meeting of Stockholders to be filed no later than April 30, 2021.

Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

The following table includes information about our stock repurchases from October 1, 2020 to December 31, 2020:
Period
Total Number of Shares Purchased (a)
Average Price Paid per ShareTotal Number of Shares Purchased as Part of Publicly Announced Plans or ProgramsApproximate Dollar Value of Shares that may yet be Purchased under the Plans or Programs
October 1 - 31, 2020— $— — — 
November 1 - 30, 2020— — — — 
December 1 - 31, 20204,747 3.35 — — 
Total4,747 — — 
(a) Shares reacquired through the withholding of shares to pay employee tax obligations upon the exercise of options or vesting of restricted units granted under our long-term incentive plans and those previously granted under AWI's long-term incentive plans, which were converted to AFI units on April 1, 2016.


Item 6. Selected Financial Data

Not applicable.





16



Item 7. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

Overview

Armstrong Flooring, Inc. ("AFI" or the "Company") is a leading global producer of flooring products for use primarily in the construction and renovation of commercial, residential and institutional buildings. We design, manufacture, source and sell resilient flooring products primarily in North America and the Pacific Rim. As of December 31, 2020, we operated 8 manufacturing plants in three countries, including 6 manufacturing plants located throughout the U.S. (California, Illinois, Mississippi, Oklahoma and Pennsylvania) and one plant each in China and Australia. When we refer to "we," "our," and "us" in this report, we are referring to Armstrong Flooring, Inc. and its consolidated subsidiaries.

During early 2020, the Company established a multi-year strategic roadmap to transform and modernize its operations to become a leaner, faster-growing and more profitable business. The transformation encompasses three critical objectives: (i) expanding customer reach; (ii) simplifying product offerings and operations; and (iii) strengthening core capabilities. In addition, the Company has implemented a new operating model to more effectively accomplish these objectives by: (i) placing customers first by aligning services and products through a more seamless value chain; (ii) leading the industry in product innovation; (iii) simplifying processes and operating complexity to become more competitive and efficient; (iv) realigning the go-to-market model to reach all relevant channels and customers; (v) implementing system changes to improve operations, reduce costs and reignite organic growth; and (vi) investing thoughtfully with a return-focused mindset. The goal of this focused strategy is to transform and modernize AFI, resulting in a company that is more agile, faster-growing and more profitable.

To date, the Company has (i) announced the phased relocation of its corporate headquarters, effective spring and summer 2021, with estimated cost savings of approximately 60% annually; (ii) began consolidating U.S. manufacturing facilities with the intent to monetize non-core assets; (iii) executed product portfolio simplification and inventory optimization initiatives; (iv) commenced manufacturing projects aimed at improving efficiency; (v) begun to focus on enhancing customer experiences through new methods of customer interactions and communication as well as the introduction of a quick-ship program; (vi) invested in product innovations with a focus on U.S.-based manufacturing; (vii) made significant investments in both talent and process improvement; (viii) made improvements in both plant and asset performance; (ix) started to service specific groups of customers on a direct basis; and (x) commenced rebranding initiatives, including introduction of a new logo in late 2020, to be further rolled out during 2021. The Company has incurred approximately $16 million in incremental costs associated with the above business transformation initiatives during 2020.

In June 2020, the Company amended its senior secured asset-based revolving credit facility, modifying the facility size to $90 million with a maturity date in 2023. Additionally, to further strengthen its capital resources for business transformation and growth initiatives, the Company entered into a $70 million term loan facility maturing in 2025. The Company capitalized $7.4 million of fees related to the new term loan facility, all of which had been paid at December 31, 2020. The deferred financing costs will be amortized through 2025 over the life of the term loan facility. Refer to Liquidity and Capital Resources for additional information related to amended credit facility and new term loan facility.

In November 2020, the Company reached a settlement in principle to fully resolve a putative class-action shareholder complaint. The agreement, which is subject to final documentation and Court approval, provides in part for a settlement payment of $3.75 million in exchange for the dismissal and a release of all claims against the defendants in connection with the securities class action suit. either the Company nor any individual defendant admits any wrongdoing through the settlement agreement. The $3.75 million settlement payment will be paid by the Company’s insurance provider under its insurance policy. Payment is expected during 2021.

In December 2020, we formally announced the closure of its South Gate, California facility which is expected to be completed during the first quarter of 2021. In connection with this closure, we recognized charges of approximately $6 million, during the fourth quarter of 2020, related to long-lived assets, including the write-off of related spare parts and anticipated contract termination fees. In addition, the Company anticipates future cash expenditures related to previously accrued severance and employee termination costs of less than $1 million. On February 25, 2021, the Company entered into a definitive agreement to sell its South Gate, California facility. See Note 20, Subsequent Events, in Part II, Item 8 “Financial Statements” for additional information.










17


Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

COVID-19
The COVID-19 pandemic is significantly impacting our business and results of operations. We are committed to safeguarding our employees and the communities in which we operate, while continuing to deliver our products to customers. We are following guidelines and directives from governmental authorities and local health authorities across our facilities to continue to operate safely and responsibly. This includes working remotely, providing personal protective equipment, limiting group meetings, restricting air travel, enhancing cleaning / sanitization procedures and practicing social distancing, among other risk mitigation measures.

Our China plant was closed most of the month of February 2020. On April 1, 2020, we announced a proactive two-week production suspension in our North America plants beginning April 5, 2020 in response to the increasing social and economic impact of COVID-19. We reopened our North America plants as planned following the two-week shut-down. Our plants continued their operations during the remainder of 2020. Additionally, in August 2020 the Company's Australia plant began to operate at approximately 60% capacity due to additional governmental restrictions which have now ceased. We have not experienced, and do not anticipate, material availability issues related to our raw materials or finished goods. However, during the fourth quarter of 2020 we started to see the impact of the imbalance of global shipping capacity and demand lead to delays in receipt of goods from China and Vietnam at U.S. ports.

To help mitigate the potential spread of the virus, our North America sales team and corporate staff are working remotely and will continue to do so indefinitely. In the second quarter we furloughed approximately 100 employees, primarily administrative staff from our corporate headquarters. Most of the furloughed employees returned in July 2020. In addition, the employer match for certain benefit plans was suspended from May 2020 through the end of the third quarter of 2020 for salaried non-production employees. The employer match was reinstated on October 1, 2020.

Inconsistent state and local government orders resulted in varying impacts to our results across geographies and for some of our customers. Generally, home centers have continued to operate. Construction is considered an essential business in most of North America. However, some of our customers' commercial projects in the retail, office, medical and educational sectors have been postponed. These factors have led to a softer demand environment in certain states and channels.

The ultimate duration and impact of the pandemic on our future results is unknown.

Outlook
Looking forward, the Company remains committed to profitable growth over the medium and long-term; however, results will continue to be negatively impacted by COVID-19 into 2021, primarily in the commercial markets served by the Company as well as costs associated with Company's on-going business transformation initiatives. The Company's view for 2021 is supported by the below factors, which should be considered in the context of other risks, trends and strategies described in this Annual Report on Form 10-K:

The Company expects sales to improve during full year 2021 compared to 2020 as a result of decreased COVID-19 pressures, the impact of recently announced price increases, continued expansion into additional market segments, positive trends in residential end markets and new product introductions.
Operating results in the short-term will be negatively impacted by incremental expenses necessary to execute the Company's business transformation initiatives. Funding for these initiatives will be aided by the deployment of capital associated with the anticipated sale of our South Gate, California facility in 2021. On February 25, 2021, the Company entered into a definitive agreement to sell its South Gate, California facility. See Note 20, Subsequent Events, in Part II, Item 8 “Financial Statements” for additional information.
As the Company navigates 2021, it is focused on several uncertainties, which may impact operating results, including navigating the continued impact of COVID-19, inflationary pressures and the economy-wide logistic and shipping challenges related to receiving goods from China.
As the Company continues to execute against its multi-year strategic roadmap, the primary areas of focus for 2021 will include: (i) continued focus on improving the customer experience while also improving overall profitability; (ii) continued introduction of compelling products into the markets we serve; (iii) expansion of existing and entry into new market segments; and (iv) completion of our headquarters and technology center during the spring and summer of 2021.

Geographic Areas

See Note 3, Nature of Operations, in Part II, Item 8, "Financial Statements" to the Consolidated Financial Statements for additional financial information by geographic areas.






18


Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations



Results of Operations

Consolidated Results
Year Ended December 31,
(Dollars in millions)202020192018
Net sales$584.8 $626.3 $728.2 
Cost of goods sold501.3 541.0 585.0 
Gross profit83.5 85.3 143.2 
Selling, general and administrative expenses145.2 146.4 160.6 
Operating (loss)(61.7)(61.1)(17.4)
Interest expense7.5 4.4 4.8 
Other (income) expense, net(4.8)1.8 2.9 
(Loss) from continuing operations before income taxes(64.4)(67.3)(25.1)
Income tax (benefit) expense(0.8)1.6 (6.0)
(Loss) from continuing operations(63.6)(68.9)(19.1)
Earnings from discontinued operations, net of tax — 9.9 
Gain (loss) on disposal of discontinued operations, net of tax 10.4 (153.8)
Net earnings (loss) from discontinued operations 10.4 (143.9)
Net (loss)$(63.6)$(58.5)$(163.0)

Net Sales
Net sales by percentage point change are shown in the tables below:
Year Ended December 31,ChangePercentage Point Change Due to
(Dollars in millions)20202019$%PriceVolumeMixCurrency
$584.8 $626.3 $(41.5)(6.6)%(1.5)%(6.0)%1.0 %(0.1)%

Year Ended December 31,ChangePercentage Point Change Due to
(Dollars in millions)20192018$%PriceVolumeMixCurrency
$626.3 $728.2 $(101.9)(14.0)%(0.1)%(9.8)%(3.2)%(0.9)%

Net sales for the year ended December 31, 2020 decreased $41.5 and 6.6% compared to the year ended December 31, 2019 primarily due to lower sales volume due to COVID-19 pandemic related business disruptions, including the postponement of certain commercial projects and slower activity at many independent customer retail locations.

Net sales for the year ended December 31, 2019 decreased $101.9 million and 14.0% compared to the year ended December 31, 2018 primarily due to lower sales volume. Lower sales volume reflected relative changes in distributor inventory levels compared to the prior year due to significant customer purchases in the distribution channel in 2018 ahead of U.S. tariffs and decline in traditional categories. Volume was also lower due to share loss in some categories within the distribution channel. Unfavorable mix was driven by lower relative luxury vinyl tile sales, which was impacted by the aforementioned higher distributor sales in 2018 ahead of tariff increases.

Cost of goods sold
Cost of goods sold for the year ended December 31, 2020 was 85.7% of net sales compared to 86.4% of net sales for year-ending December 31, 2019. The decrease in percent was primarily due to a $13.6 million inventory write-down related to an inventory optimization initiative that occurred during 2019 and did not repeat during 2020, partially offset by inefficiencies caused by decreases in volume and non-recurring costs associated with the consolidation of our manufacturing activities as part of the Company's business transformation initiatives during 2020.









19


Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations



Cost of goods sold for the year ended December 31, 2019 was 86.4% of net sales compared to 80.3% of net sales for year-ending December 31, 2018. The increase in percent was primarily due to the $13.6 million inventory write-down related to an inventory optimization initiative during 2019 and inefficiencies caused by decrease in volume.

Selling, general & administrative expenses
Selling, general and administrative expenses for the year-ended December 31, 2020 decreased $1.2 million and 0.8% compared to the year-ended December 31, 2019. The decrease in 2020 is driven by a reduction in core selling, general and administrative resulting from business transformation initiatives as well as $14.2 million of expenses incurred during 2019 related to a samples inventory write-down, strategic initiative costs and employee termination costs that did not repeat during 2020, partially offset by $19.0 million of non-recurring transition services income from TZI that did not repeat in 2020.

Selling, general and administrative expenses for the year-ended December 31, 2019 decreased $14.2 million and 8.8% compared to the year-ended December 31, 2018. Results for 2019 were positively impacted by receipt of the transition services income from TZI noted above, partially offset by higher strategic initiative and employee termination costs during 2018 compared to 2019.
Business transformation costs
Beginning in 2018, the Company commenced a multi-year business transformation which resulted in a strategic roadmap formally announced during 2020. The multi-year roadmap encompasses three critical objectives: (i) expanding customer reach; (ii) simplifying product offerings and operations; and (iii) strengthening core capabilities. Such costs are included in the captions Costs of goods sold and Selling, general and administrative expenses on the Company's Consolidated Statements of Operations as required by U.S. generally accepted accounting principles ("U.S. GAAP"). A summary of business transformation costs included in these captions for the periods presented include:
For the Years Ended December 31,
202020192018
Cost of Goods SoldSelling, General & Administrative ExpensesCost of Goods SoldSelling, General & Administrative ExpensesCost of Goods SoldSelling, General & Administrative Expenses
Site exit costs$5.7 $0.8 $4.6 $— $— $— 
Strategic initiative costs 0.9 — 5.4 — 6.6 
Employee termination costs 0.7 — 2.9 — 5.5 
Product rationalization  13.6 6.0 — — 
Net gains (0.2)— — — — 
Total$5.7 $2.2 $18.2 $14.3 $— $12.1 

Site exit costs - Site exit costs include costs associated with exit or disposal activities, including asset write-downs. Costs in both 2020 and 2019 relate primarily to the Company's South Gate, California facility which is classified as Assets held-for-sale as of December 31, 2020 on the Consolidated Balance Sheets. On February 25, 2021, the Company entered into a definitive agreement to sell its South Gate, California facility. See Note 20, Subsequent Events, in Part II, Item 8 “Financial Statements” for additional information.

Strategic initiative costs - Costs of non-recurring strategic projects, including executive leadership transitions, that are not considered part of normal operations. Costs incurred in 2020 related to non-severance costs related to the CFO transition. Costs in 2019 related to non-severance costs related to the CEO transition, the sale of the wood business and development of strategy alternatives. Costs in 2018 related to the sale of the wood business and development of strategy alternatives.
Employee termination costs - Costs of involuntary termination benefits associated with one-time benefit arrangements provided as part of an exit or disposal activity are recognized by the Company when a formal plan for reorganization is approved at the appropriate level of management and communicated to affected employees. The employee termination benefit costs in 2020 and 2019 related to our former CFO and former CEO, respectively. The employee termination benefit costs in 2018 related to the divestiture of our North American wood flooring business.






20


Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations


Product rationalization - On September 11, 2019, Michel S. Vermette was appointed Chief Executive Officer of the Company and initiated the implementation of a new multi-year product strategy and inventory optimization plan, which includes focusing on critical products and standardizing procedures to enable better decision making. As a result, we recorded a non-cash inventory write down of $13.6 million during the third quarter of 2019, primarily related to the write down of inventory in certain product categories to estimated liquidation value. Directly related to this strategy and inventory optimization plan, merchandising materials of $6.0 million were written off as obsolete in the third quarter of 2019 in connection with a decreased demand for residential displays following our go to market change.
Net gains - Net gains result from the sale of redundant properties (primarily land and buildings) and non-core assets. In 2020 net gains related to the sale of a property in Vicksburg, Mississippi that had been classified as Assets held-for-sale during 2020. The property was originally retained as part of the sale of the wood business in 2018.

Interest expense
For the year-ended December 31, 2020, interest expense increased $3.1 million and 70.5% compared to year-ended December 31, 2019 due to higher interest rates on debt outstanding resulting from our June 2020 refinancing.

For the year-ended December 31, 2019, interest expense decreased $0.4 million and 8.3% compared to year-ended December 31, 2018 due to lower average debt outstanding.

Other (income) expense, net
Other (income) expense, net of $(4.8) million, $1.8 million and $2.9 million for the years ended December 31, 2020, 2019 and 2018, respectively, primarily reflected benefit from changes to or costs related to defined-benefit pension and postretirement plans. Changes in actuarial assumptions relating to current year expense and a non-recurring postretirement gain resulting from a plan change totaling $1.8 million, resulted in income during 2020.

Income tax expense (benefit)
For the year ended December 31, 2020 we recorded an income tax benefit of $0.8 million compared to an income tax expense of $1.6 million for the year ended December 31, 2019. The effective tax rates were a benefit of 1.2% and an expense of 2.4% for the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively.

For the year ended December 31, 2019 we recorded an income tax expense of $1.6 million compared to an income tax benefit of $6.0 million for the year ended December 31, 2018. The effective tax rates were a benefit of 2.4% and an expense of 23.9% for the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively.

The change in effective rates during both periods was primarily driven by changes in the mix of income among tax jurisdictions and the impact of discontinued operations, as well as the effects of non-benefited losses.

Discontinued operations
For the year ended December 31, 2020 there was no discontinued operations activity. For the year ended December 31, 2019, a $10.4 million gain on disposal of discontinued operations was realized primarily due to the resolution of our antidumping case. For the year ended December 31, 2018, loss on disposal of discontinued operations of $153.8 million related to our sale of the North American wood flooring business. This loss was partially offset by $9.9 million of earnings from discontinued operations while reflecting the operating results of the North American wood flooring business prior to the sale. See Note 7, Discontinued Operations, in Part II, Item 8, "Financial Statements" of the consolidated financial statements.


















21


Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations



Liquidity and Capital Resources

During the second quarter of 2020, the Company entered into a Third Amendment (the "Amendment") to the ABL Credit Facility (the "Amended ABL Credit Facility") and entered into a new term loan facility with Pathlight Capital L.P. (the "Term Loan Agent") as the administrative agent ("Term Loan Agreement") which provides us with a secured term loan credit facility of $70 million (the “Term Loan Facility”). We used the proceeds of the Term Loan Facility to pay down the Amended ABL Credit Facility.

Amended ABL Credit Facility
On June 23, 2020, we entered into the Amended ABL Credit Facility, which reduces commitments from $100 million to $90 million, amends the interest rates applicable to the borrowings, modifies certain financial maintenance and other covenants, as well as permits indebtedness under the Term Loan Agreement. The Amended ABL Credit Facility provides for a borrowing base that is derived from our accounts receivable and inventory, collectively, with the equity interests in the guarantors, (the "ABL Priority Collateral"), subject to certain reserves and other limitations. The Amended ABL Credit Facility matures in December 2023.

The Amendment permits us to grant a first priority security interest in real estate, machinery and equipment and intellectual property collateral to the Term Loan Agent (collectively, the “Term Loan Priority Collateral”). Bank of America, N.A., as administrative agent and collateral agent (in such capacities, the “ABL Agent”) will not have a security interest in the real property securing the Term Loan Agreement (as defined below) but will have a second priority security interest in machinery and equipment and intellectual property constituting Term Loan Priority Collateral.

Borrowings under the Amended ABL Credit Facility bear interest at a rate per annum equal to, at our option, a base rate or a Eurodollar rate equal to the London interbank offered rate (“LIBOR”) for the relevant interest period, plus, in each case, an applicable margin determined in accordance with the provisions of the Amendment. The base rate will be the highest of (a) the federal funds rate plus 0.50%, (b) the prime rate of Bank of America, N.A. and (c) LIBOR plus 1.00%. The applicable margin for borrowings under the Amended ABL Credit Facility will be determined based on the Company’s Consolidated Leverage Ratio (as defined in the Amendment) and will range from 1.75% to 3.00% with respect to base rate borrowings and 2.75% to 4.00% with respect to Eurodollar rate borrowings. In addition to paying interest on outstanding principal under the Amended ABL Credit Facility, we will pay a commitment fee to the lenders with respect to the unutilized revolving commitments thereunder at a rate ranging from 0.375% to 0.50% depending on the Company’s Consolidated Leverage Ratio. The Amended ABL Credit Facility contains provisions to allow for the transition from LIBOR to the agreed upon successor rate.

All obligations under the Amended ABL Credit Facility are guaranteed by each of our wholly owned domestic subsidiaries that individually, or together with its subsidiaries, has assets of more than $1.0 million. All obligations under the Amended ABL Credit Facility, and guarantees of those obligations, are secured by all of the present and future assets of the Company and the guarantors, subject to certain exceptions and exclusions as set forth in the Amended ABL Credit Facility and other security and collateral documents.

During the fourth quarter of 2020 there was a reduction in available liquidity under the Amended ABL Credit Facility of $30 million until such time as the Company is able to sell our South Gate, California facility. This reduction was in effect at December 31, 2020. On February 25, 2021, the Company entered into a definitive agreement to sell its South Gate, California facility. See Note 20, Subsequent Events, in Part II, Item 8 “Financial Statements” for additional information.

Term Loan Facility
On June 23, 2020 we also entered into the Term Loan Agreement which provides us with a secured term loan credit facility of $70 million. The borrowing base is derived from the Company’s machinery and equipment, intellectual property and real property, subject to certain reserves and other limitations. The Term Loan Facility is scheduled to mature on June 23, 2025. The principal balance of the Term Loan Facility is payable in quarterly installments beginning in June 2021.

Borrowings under the Term Loan Facility will bear interest at a rate per annum equal to LIBOR for a three-month interest period, plus an applicable margin of 12.00%. The Term Loan Facility contains provisions to allow for the transition from LIBOR to the agreed upon successor rate.










22


Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations



We must use cash proceeds from certain dispositions, including sales of real estate, equity and debt issuances and extraordinary events to prepay outstanding loans under the Term Loan Facility, subject to specified exceptions, including the prepayment requirements with respect to the Amended ABL Credit Facility. Prepayments of loans under the Term Loan Facility prior to the third anniversary of the closing date are subject to certain premiums. The sale of our South Gate, California facility is anticipated during the first half of 2021 and would result in an estimated mandatory repayment of approximately $20 million. On February 25, 2021, the Company entered into a definitive agreement to sell its South Gate, California facility. See Note 20, Subsequent Events, in Part II, Item 8 “Financial Statements” for additional information.

All obligations under the Term Loan Agreement are guaranteed by each of our wholly owned domestic subsidiaries that individually, or together with its subsidiaries, has assets of more than $1.0 million and are secured by a first priority lien on the Term Priority Collateral and a second priority lien on the ABL Priority Collateral.

In addition, the Term Loan Agreement requires us to comply with the Amended ABL Credit Facility financial covenants. The Term Loan Agreement also contains customary affirmative covenants and events of default, including a cross-default provision in respect of certain material indebtedness and a change of control provision. If an event of default occurs, the lenders may choose to accelerate the maturity of the Term Loan Facility and require repayment of all obligations thereunder.

The Company capitalized $7.4 million of fees related to the Term Loan Facility, which will be amortized through 2025 over the life of the Term Loan Facility.

See Note 14, Debt, in Part II, Item 8, "Financial Statements" to the Consolidated Financial Statements for additional information related to the Amended ABL Credit Facility and Term Loan Facility.

Cash Flows
The discussion that follows includes cash flows related to discontinued operations. The table below shows our cash (used for) provided by operating, investing and financing activities:
Year Ended December 31,
(Dollars in millions)202020192018
Cash (used for) provided by operating activities$(28.2)$(6.0)$62.5 
Cash (used for) provided by investing activities(21.1)(29.4)60.6 
Cash provided by (used for) financing activities35.0 (111.1)13.3 

Operating activities
Net cash used for operating activities for 2020 was $28.2 million, an increase of $22.2 compared to 2019. The primary drivers of this increase were lower net cash income and net increases in working capital, primarily inventory, other assets and liabilities and receivables, partially offset by accounts payable and accrued expenses.

Net cash used for operating activities for 2019 was $6.0 million, a decrease of $68.6 million from cash provided by operating activities in 2018. The primary drivers of this decrease were lower net cash income and changes in working capital, primarily accounts payable and accrued expenses, partially offset by inventory.

Investing activities
Net cash used for investing activities for 2020 was $21.1 million, a decrease of $8.3 million compared to 2019. The primary drivers for this decrease were lower purchases of property, plant and equipment and a cash payment related to discontinued operation in 2019 that did not repeat in 2020.

Net cash used for investing activities for 2019 was $29.4 million, a decrease of $90.0 million from cash provided by investing activities in 2018. The primary driver for this decrease was proceeds from the sale of the wood flooring business in 2018 which did not repeat during 2019.

Financing activities
Net cash provided by financing activities for 2020 was $35.0 million, an increase of $146.1 million from cash used by financing activities in 2019. The primary driver of this change was the net impact of the Company's debt refinancing during the second quarter of 2020.






23


Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations



Net cash used for financing activities for 2019 was $111.1 million, a decrease of $124.4 from cash provided by financing activities in 2018. The primary drivers of this changes were increased purchases of treasury stock and higher net debt repayments during 2019.

Sources and Uses of Cash
Our primary sources of liquidity are, and we anticipate that they will continue to be, cash generated from operations, proceeds from asset sales and borrowings under our credit facilities. We believe these sources are sufficient to fund our capital needs, including the costs of our business transformation initiatives, planned capital expenditures and to meet our interest and other contractual obligations in the near term. Our liquidity needs for operations vary throughout the year with the majority of our cash flows generated in the second and third quarters.

As of December 31, 2020 there were borrowings of $10.0 million outstanding under our Amended ABL Credit Facility, while outstanding letters of credit were $5.4 million. Total net availability under the Amended ABL Credit Facility and Term Loan Facility as of December 31, 2020 was $34.3 million. During the fourth quarter, there was a reduction in available liquidity of $30.0 million until such time as we sell our South Gate, California facility. On February 25, 2021, the Company entered into a definitive agreement to sell its South Gate, California facility. See Note 20, Subsequent Events, in Part II, Item 8 “Financial Statements” for additional information.

We are required to pay a commitment fee, payable quarterly in arrears, on the average daily unused amount of the revolving Amended ABL Credit Facility, which varies according to the net leverage ratio and was 0.50% as of December 31, 2020. Outstanding letters of credit issued under the Amended ABL Credit Facility are subject to fees which will be due quarterly in arrears based on the applicable margin described above plus a fronting fee. The total rate for letters of credit was 4.125% as of December 31, 2020.

Our foreign subsidiaries had available lines of credit totaling $9.2 million and there were $4.5 million borrowings under these lines of credit as of December 31, 2020. Total availability under these foreign lines of credit as of December 31, 2020 was $4.7 million.

In addition, the Company had $13.7 million of Cash and cash equivalents at December 31, 2020.

Based on the foregoing, the Company had total liquidity (including Cash and cash equivalents) of $52.7 million at December 31, 2020 compared to $89.6 million at December 31, 2019.

Debt Covenants
The Amended ABL Credit Facility requires, among other things, that we maintain a minimum Consolidated Cash Flow (as defined in the Amendment) for the three-fiscal quarter period ending September 30, 2020 and for any four-fiscal quarter period ending thereafter and during a Financial Covenant Trigger Period (as defined in the Amendment), maintain a minimum Consolidated Fixed Charge Coverage Ratio (as defined in the Amendment) of at least 1.00 to 1.00 (such covenants, the “Financial Covenants”).

The Term Loan Agreement contains a number of covenants that, among other things and subject to certain exceptions, restrict our ability to create liens, to undertake fundamental changes, to incur debt, to sell or dispose of assets, to make investments, to make restricted payments such as dividends, distributions or equity repurchases, to change the nature of our businesses, to enter into transactions with affiliates and to enter into certain burdensome agreements.

At December 31, 2020, we were in compliance with all debt covenants.

Cash Management
The Company has various cash management systems throughout the world that centralize cash in various bank accounts where it is economically justifiable and legally permissible to do so. These centralized cash balances are then redeployed to other operations to reduce short-term borrowings and to finance working capital needs or capital expenditures. Due to the transitory nature of cash balances, they are normally invested in bank deposits that can be withdrawn at will or in very liquid short-term bank time deposits. The Company's policy is to primarily use the banks that participate in our ABL credit facility located in the various countries in which the Company operates. The Company monitors the creditworthiness of banks and when appropriate will adjust banking operations to reduce or eliminate exposure to less creditworthy banks.







24


Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations



At December 31, 2020, our Cash and cash equivalents totaled $13.7 million, of which $0.7 million was held in the U.S. and $13.0 million held by non-U.S. subsidiaries. At December 31, 2020 none of our consolidated cash and cash equivalents had regulatory restrictions that would preclude the transfer of funds with and among subsidiaries. While our remaining non-U.S. cash and cash equivalents can be transferred with and among subsidiaries, the majority of these non-U.S. cash balances will be used to support the ongoing working capital needs and continued growth of our non-U.S. operations.

Unconditional Purchase Obligations
Unconditional purchase obligations include purchase contracts whereby we must make guaranteed minimum payments of a specified amount regardless of how little material is actually purchased and service agreements. Unconditional purchase obligations exclude contracts entered into during the normal course of business that are non-cancelable and have fixed per unit fees, but where the monthly commitment varies based on usage. Our unconditional purchase obligations are mainly comprised of utility contracts and information technology service agreements. At December 31, 2020 these obligations totaled $38.5 million, of which $16.8 million is due in 2021, $7.3 million is due in 2022, $7.3 million is due in 2023 and $7.1 million is due in 2024.

In addition, we had $5.8 million of inventory in transit at December 31, 2020, where the title had not been passed to us; however, we are committed to make payment once these shipments reach the destination as required per the contract.


Critical Accounting Estimates
The Company's discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations are based upon the Consolidated Financial Statements, which have been prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP. The preparation of these Consolidated Financial Statements requires us to make estimates and judgments that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses. On an ongoing basis, we evaluate the estimates, including those related to inventories, impairments of tangible and intangible assets, U.S. pension and other postretirement benefit costs and sales-related accruals. The impact of changes in these estimates, as necessary, is reflected in the results of operations in the period of the change. We base estimates on historical experience and various other assumptions that are believed to be reasonable under the circumstances, the results of which form the basis for making judgments about the carrying values of assets and liabilities that are not readily apparent from other sources. Actual results may differ from these estimates under different outcomes, assumptions or conditions.

We believe the following critical accounting policies are affected by our more significant judgments and estimates used in the preparation of the Consolidated Financial Statements. Management has discussed the development and selection of the critical account estimates described below with the Audit Committee of the Board of Directors and they have reviewed our disclosures relating to these estimates in this Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition. These items should be read in conjunction with Note 2, Summary of Significant Accounting Policies, in Part II, Item 8, "Financial Statements."

Inventories
At December 31, 2020 and 2019 inventories of $122.9 million and $111.6 million, respectively, are net of reserves of $12.2 million and $11.3 million, respectively.

Critical Estimate - Inventories
U.S. inventories are valued at the lower of cost or market and cost is determined using the last-in, first-out ("LIFO") method of accounting. Non-U.S. inventories are valued at the lower of cost or net realizable value and cost is determined using the first-in, first-out method of accounting. Additionally, inventory balances are adjusted for estimated obsolete or unmarketable inventory equal to the difference between the cost of inventory and net realizable value or estimated market value, as applicable.

The Company records reserves to adjust its U.S. inventory balances to the LIFO method of inventory valuation. In adjusting these reserves throughout the year, the Company estimates its year-end inventory costs and quantities. At December 31 of each year, the reserves are adjusted to reflect actual year-end inventory costs and quantities. Changes in LIFO reserves resulted in pre-tax expense of $5.2 million, $4.7 million and $3.0 million during 2020, 2019 and 2018, respectively.









25


Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations



We estimate our reserves for inventory obsolescence by continuously examining our inventories to determine if there are indicators that carrying values may exceed net realizable value or estimated market value. In assessing the realization of inventory balances, the Company is required to make significant judgements related to estimated future demand for products, estimated future selling prices and the amount of excess inventory on-hand. In addition, the Company takes into account other factors including the age of inventory on-hand and the ultimate sales prices recognized for previously dropped products. While we believe that adequate reserves for inventory obsolescence have been made in the Consolidated Financial Statements, consumer tastes and preferences as well as macroeconomic factors will continue to change and we could experience additional inventory write-downs in the future. It is estimated that a 10% change in our assumptions for excess or obsolete inventory would have affected net earnings by approximately $0.7 million for the year ended December 31, 2020.

The Company has not materially changed the methodology for calculating inventory reserves for the years presented. See Note 10, Inventories, in Part II, Item 8, "Financial Statements," for additional information.

Impairments of Tangible and Intangible Assets
At December 31, 2020 and 2019 Property, plant and equipment of $246.9 million and $277.2 million, respectively, are net of accumulated depreciation of $336.7 million and $318.4 million, respectively. At December 31, 2020 and 2019 intangible assets of $19.0 million and $25.4 million, respectively, are net of accumulated amortization of $26.1 million and $19.0 million, respectively.

Critical Estimate - Impairments of Tangible and Intangible Assets
We review long-lived asset groups, which include long-lived tangible and intangible assets, for impairment when indicators of impairment exist, such as operating losses and/or negative cash flows. If an evaluation of the undiscounted future cash flows generated by the asset indicates impairment, the asset is written down to its estimated fair value, which is based on its discounted future cash flows. The principal assumption used in these impairment tests is future cash flows, which are derived from those used in our operating plan and strategic planning processes.

The revenue and cash flow estimates used in applying our impairment and recoverability tests are based on management’s analysis of information available at the time of the impairment test. Actual results lower than the estimate could lead to significant future impairments. If future testing indicates that fair values have declined below carrying value, our financial condition and results of operations would be affected.

The potential impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, our recurring losses and our negative cash flows resulted in the identification of a triggering event requiring impairment testing of our North American asset group in the first quarter of 2020. Our test for recoverability, which utilized a probability-weighted income approach, compared the carrying value of the asset group to the sum of (i) the undiscounted cash flows expected to result from the use of the North American asset group; and (ii) the value of the North American asset group upon its eventual disposition. The results of this testing indicated that, as of March 31, 2020, our North American asset group was not impaired. There were no other triggering events during 2020.

During 2020 and 2019, we recognized $4.9 million and $4.6 million, respectively, of accelerated depreciation, primarily related to the intended closure of our South Gate, California manufacturing facility. There were no material long-lived asset or intangible asset impairment charges in 2018.

We cannot predict the occurrence of certain events that might lead to material impairment charges in the future. Such events may include, but are not limited to, the impact of economic environments, particularly related to the commercial and residential construction industries, material adverse changes in relationships with significant customers, or strategic decisions made in response to economic and competitive conditions.

The Company has not materially changed the methodology for calculating intangible impairments for the years presented. See Note 11, Property, Plant and Equipment; and Note 12, Intangible Assets, in Part II, Item 8, "Financial Statements," for additional information.












26


Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations



U.S. Pension and Postretirement Benefit Costs
At December 31, 2020 and 2019, the Company had combined pension and postretirement liabilities of $63.1 million and $81.3 million, respectively. During the years-end December 31, 2020, 2019 and 2018, we incurred U.S. pension and postretirement benefit costs of $1.1 million, $5.6 million and $7.4 million, respectively. In addition, as a result of the elimination of future life insurance benefits for certain employees, we recorded a curtailment gain of $1.8 million in 2020 in other income.

Critical Estimate - U.S. Pension and Postretirement Benefit Costs
We maintain pension and postretirement plans throughout North America, with the most significant plans located in the U.S. Our defined-benefit pension and postretirement benefit costs are developed from actuarial valuations. These valuations are calculated using a number of assumptions, which represent management’s best estimate of the future assumptions. The assumptions that have the most significant impact on reported results are the discount rate, the estimated long-term return on plan assets, mortality rates and anticipated inflation in health care costs. These assumptions are generally updated annually.

The discount rate is used to determine retirement plan liabilities and to determine the interest cost component of net periodic pension and postretirement cost. Management utilizes the Aon Hewitt AA Only Above Median yield curve, which is a hypothetical AA yield curve comprised of a series of annualized individual discount rates, as the primary basis for determining the discount rate. As of December 31, 2020, we assumed a discount rate of 2.50% for the U.S. defined-benefit pension plans and a discount rate of 2.45% for the U.S. postretirement plans. As of December 31, 2019, we assumed a discount rate of 3.25% for the U.S. defined-benefit pension plans and a discount rate of 3.20% for the U.S. postretirement plans. The effects of any change in discount rate will be amortized into earnings as described below. Absent any other changes, a one-quarter percentage point increase or decrease in the discount rates for the U.S. pension and postretirement plans would be expected to decrease or increase 2021 operating income by approximately $0.2 million.

We manage two U.S. defined-benefit pension plans, a qualified funded plan and a nonqualified unfunded plan. For the qualified funded plan, the expected long-term return on plan assets represents a long-term view of the future estimated investment return on plan assets. This estimate is determined based on the target allocation of plan assets among asset classes and input from investment professionals on the expected performance of the asset classes over 20 years. Historical asset returns are monitored and considered when we develop our expected long-term return on plan assets. An incremental component is added for the expected return from active management based on historical information. These forecasted gross returns are reduced by estimated management fees and expenses. The actual return on plan assets achieved for 2020 was 15.6%. The difference between the actual and expected rate of return on plan assets will be amortized into earnings as described below.

The expected long-term return on plan assets used in determining our 2020 U.S. pension cost was 5.70%. We have assumed a return on plan assets for 2021 of 5.25%. The 2021 expected return on assets was calculated in a manner consistent with 2020. A one-quarter percentage point increase or decrease in the 2021 assumption would be expected to increase or decrease 2021 operating income by approximately $1.0 million.

We use the Society of Actuaries Pri-2012 Generational Mortality Table with MP-2020 projection scales.

Actual results that differ from our various pension and postretirement plan estimates are captured as actuarial gains/losses. When certain thresholds are met, the gains and losses are amortized into future earnings over the average expected lifetime of the plan participants, which is approximately twenty-four years for our U.S. pension plans and twelve years for our U.S. postretirement plans. Changes in assumptions could have significant effects on earnings in future years.

The Company has not materially changed the methodology for calculating pension expense for the years presented. See Note 15, Pension and Other Postretirement Benefit Programs, in Part II, Item 8, "Financial Statements," for additional information.















27


Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations



Sales-related Accruals
At December 31, 2020 and 2019 sales-related accruals for warranty and accommodation claims and sales incentives were $26.1 million and $23.7 million, respectively.

Critical Estimate - Sales-related Accruals
We provide direct customer and end-user warranties for our products and honor approved accommodation claims. Standard warranties cover manufacturing defects that would prevent the product from performing in line with its intended and marketed use. Generally, the terms of these warranties range up to thirty years (limited lifetime) and provide for the repair or replacement of the defective product including limited labor costs. We collect and analyze warranty and accommodation claims data with a focus on the historical amount of claims, the products involved, the amount of time between the warranty claims and the products’ respective sales and the amount of current sales.

We also maintain numerous customer relationships that incorporate different sales incentive programs (primarily volume rebates and promotions). The rebates vary by customer and usually include tiered incentives based on the level of customers’ purchases. Certain promotional allowances are also tied to customer purchase volumes. We estimate the amount of expected annual sales during the course of the year and use the projected sales amount to estimate the cost of the incentive programs. For sales incentive programs that are on the same calendar basis as our fiscal calendar, actual sales information is used in the year-end accruals.

In addition, we also provide for potential early pay discounts and returns based on historical trends.
 
The amount of actual experience related to these accruals could differ significantly from the estimated amounts during the year. If this occurs, we adjust our accruals accordingly. We record the costs of these accruals as a reduction of gross sales.

The Company has not materially changed the methodology for calculating sales accruals for the years presented. See Schedule II, Valuation and Qualifying Reserves, in Part IV, for additional information.


Accounting Pronouncements Effective in Future Periods

Information on recently adopted and recently issued accounting standards is included in Note 2, Summary of Significant Accounting Policies, in Part II, Item 8, "Financial Statements."





28


Item 7A. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

Market Risk
We are exposed to market risk from changes in foreign currency exchange rates that could impact our financial condition, results of operations and cash flows. We enter into derivative contracts, including contracts to hedge our foreign currency exchange rate exposures. Forward swap contracts are entered into for periods consistent with underlying exposure and do not constitute positions independent of those exposures. Derivative financial instruments are used as risk management tools and not for speculative trading purposes. In addition, derivative financial instruments are entered into with a diversified group of major financial institutions in order to manage exposure to potential nonperformance on such instruments. Developments in the capital markets are regularly monitored.

We are subject to interest rate market risk in connection with our Amended ABL Credit Facility.  As of December 31, 2020, our Amended ABL Credit Facility provided variable rate borrowings consisting of a $90.0 million asset-based revolving credit facility. The ABL facility includes a $20.0 million sub-limit for the issuance of letters of credit and a $15.0 million sub-limit for swing loans, net of $5.4 million of letters of credit outstanding at December 31, 2020.  The Amended ABL Credit Facility bears interest at a variable rate based on LIBOR or a base rate plus an applicable margin. An assumed 25 basis point change in interest rates would change interest expense on our Amended ABL Credit Facility by $0.2 million if fully drawn and outstanding for the entire year.

We are subject to additional interest rate market risk in connection with the Term Loan Facility. The Term Loan Facility provides us with a secured term loan credit facility of $70.0 million. Borrowings under the Term Loan Facility bear interest at a rate per annum equal to LIBOR for a three-month interest period. An assumed 25 basis point change in interest rates would change interest expense on the Term Loan Facility by $0.2 million for an entire year.

Counterparty Risk
We only enter into derivative transactions with established counterparties having a credit rating of BBB or better. Counterparty credit default swap levels and credit ratings are monitored on a regular basis in an effort to reduce the risk of counterparty default. All of our derivative transactions with counterparties are governed by master ISDAs with netting arrangements. These agreements can limit our exposure in situations where we have gain and loss positions outstanding with a single counterparty. We neither post nor receive cash collateral with any counterparty for our derivative transactions. These ISDAs do not have credit contingent features; however, a default under our Amended ABL Credit Facility would trigger a default under these agreements.

Exchange Rate Sensitivity
We manufacture and sell our products in a number of countries and, as a result, we are exposed to movements in foreign currency exchange rates. To a large extent, our global manufacturing and sales provide a natural hedge of foreign currency exchange rate movement, as foreign currency expenses generally offset foreign currency revenues. AFI enters into foreign currency forward exchange contracts to reduce its remaining exposure. As of December 31, 2020, our major foreign currency exposures are to the Canadian Dollar, the Chinese Renminbi and the Australian Dollar. A 10% strengthening (or weakening) of all currencies against the U.S. dollar compared to December 31, 2020 levels would decrease (or increase) our forecasted 2021 earnings before income taxes by approximately $0.1 million, including the impact of current foreign currency forward exchange contracts.

The table below details our outstanding currency instruments as of December 31, 2020:
(Dollars in millions)Maturing in 2021Maturing in 2022Total
On Balance Sheet Foreign Exchange Related Derivatives
Notional amounts$26.1 $3.3 $29.4 
Liabilities at fair value, net(1.0)(0.1)(1.1)

We are exposed to changes in foreign currency exchange rates against the U.S. dollar when consolidating our foreign entities. Significant fluctuations could impact our financial results.





29


Item 8. Financial Statements

The following Consolidated Financial Statements are filed as part of this Annual Report on Form 10-K:
Page Number
Financial Statements:







30


Management's Report on Internal Control Over Financial Reporting

Management of Armstrong Flooring, Inc. together with its consolidated subsidiaries (the "Company"), is responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate internal control over financial reporting, as defined in Securities Exchange Act Rule 13a-15(f) or 15d-15(f). The Company's internal control over financial reporting is a process designed under the supervision of the Company's principal executive and principal financial officers to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of the Company's Consolidated Financial Statements for external reporting purposes in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles.

The Company's internal control over financial reporting includes policies and procedures that:

Pertain to the maintenance of records that, in reasonable detail, accurately and fairly reflect transactions and dispositions of assets of the Company;

Provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of Consolidated Financial Statements in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles, and that receipts and expenditures of the Company are being made only in accordance with authorizations of management and the directors of the Company; and

Provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use or disposition of the Company's assets that could have a material effect on the Company's Consolidated Financial Statements.

Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements. Also, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies and procedures may deteriorate.

Management has assessed the effectiveness of its internal control over financial reporting at December 31, 2020 based on the framework established in Internal Control—Integrated Framework (2013) issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (COSO). Based on this assessment, management has determined that the Company’s internal control over financial reporting was effective at December 31, 2020.

The effectiveness of the Company's internal control over financial reporting at December 31, 2020 has been audited by KPMG, LLP, an independent registered public accounting firm, as stated in their report appearing in this Annual Report on Form 10-K, which expresses an unqualified opinion on the effectiveness of the Company's internal control over financial reporting at December 31, 2020.

/s/ Michel S. Vermette
Michel S. Vermette
President and Chief Executive Officer
March 1, 2021

/s/ Amy P. Trojanowski
Amy P. Trojanowski
Senior Vice President and Chief Financial Officer
March 1, 2021







31



Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

To the Stockholders and Board of Directors
Armstrong Flooring, Inc.:
Opinion on the Consolidated Financial Statements

We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheets of Armstrong Flooring, Inc. and subsidiaries (the Company) as of December 31, 2020 and 2019, the related consolidated statements of operations, comprehensive income (loss), stockholders’ equity, and cash flows for each of the years in the three‑year period ended December 31, 2020, and the related notes and financial statement schedule II (collectively, the consolidated financial statements). In our opinion, the consolidated financial statements present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of the Company as of December 31, 2020 and 2019, and the results of its operations and its cash flows for each of the years in the three‑year period ended December 31, 2020, in conformity with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles.

We also have audited, in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States) (PCAOB), the Company’s internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2020, based on criteria established in Internal Control – Integrated Framework (2013) issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission, and our report dated March 1, 2021 expressed an unqualified opinion on the effectiveness of the Company’s internal control over financial reporting.

Change in Accounting Principle

As discussed in Note 2 to the consolidated financial statements, the Company has changed its method of accounting for leases as of January 1, 2019 due to the adoption of Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) Accounting Standards Codification Topic 842, Leases, and the related FASB Accounting Standard Updates.

As discussed in Note 2 to the consolidated financial statements, the Company has changed its method of accounting for revenue as of January 1, 2018 due to the adoption of FASB Accounting Standards Codification Topic 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers, and the related FASB Accounting Standard Updates.

Basis for Opinion

These consolidated financial statements are the responsibility of the Company’s management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on these consolidated financial statements based on our audits. We are a public accounting firm registered with the PCAOB and are required to be independent with respect to the Company in accordance with the U.S. federal securities laws and the applicable rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission and the PCAOB.

We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the PCAOB. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the consolidated financial statements are free of material misstatement, whether due to error or fraud. Our audits included performing procedures to assess the risks of material misstatement of the consolidated financial statements, whether due to error or fraud, and performing procedures that respond to those risks. Such procedures included examining, on a test basis, evidence regarding the amounts and disclosures in the consolidated financial statements. Our audits also included evaluating the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall presentation of the consolidated financial statements. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.







32



Critical Audit Matters

The critical audit matters communicated below are matters arising from the current period audit of the consolidated financial statements that were communicated or required to be communicated to the audit committee and that: (1) relate to accounts or disclosures that are material to the consolidated financial statements and (2) involved our especially challenging, subjective, or complex judgments. The communication of critical audit matters does not alter in any way our opinion on the consolidated financial statements, taken as a whole, and we are not, by communicating the critical audit matters below, providing separate opinions on the critical audit matters or on the accounts or disclosures to which they relate.

Valuation of North American long-lived tangible and intangible assets

As discussed in Note 2 to the consolidated financial statements, the Company reviews long-lived asset groups, which include long-lived tangible and intangible assets, for impairment when indicators of impairment exist, such as operating losses or negative cash flows. The COVID-19 pandemic’s current and expected future impacts, the Company’s recurring losses, and negative cash flows resulted in the identification of a triggering event requiring impairment testing of the North American long-lived tangible and intangible assets (“North American asset group”) in the first quarter of 2020. The Company's test for recoverability, which utilized a probability-weighted income approach, compared the carrying value of the asset group to the sum of i) the undiscounted cash flows expected to result from the use of the North American asset group and ii) the value of the North American asset group upon its eventual disposition.

We identified the evaluation of the North American asset group recoverability test as a critical audit matter. Specifically, subjective and challenging auditor judgment was required to assess the significant assumptions, including:

revenue growth rates and the Company’s ability to achieve cost-reduction targets, which are affected by expectations about future market or economic conditions and internal cost-reduction initiatives

the discount rate used in the determination of the value of the North American asset group upon its eventual disposition.

Additionally, the audit effort associated with the evaluation of the recoverability test required specialized skills and knowledge.

The following are the primary procedures we performed to address this critical audit matter. We evaluated the design and tested the operating effectiveness of certain internal controls over the impairment analysis process. This included controls related to the determination of the revenue growth rates, the cost-reduction targets, and discount rate. We evaluated the reasonableness of the Company’s revenue growth rates and cost reduction targets by comparing the revenue growth assumptions and cost reduction targets to the Company’s historical results and to industry data. In addition, we involved valuation professionals with specialized skills and knowledge, who assisted in evaluating the Company’s discount rate by comparing it against a discount rate range that was independently developed using publicly available market data for comparable entities.

Net realizable value of inventory

As discussed in Notes 2 and 10 to the consolidated financial statements, the net inventory balance as of December 31, 2020 was $122.9 million. The Company’s U.S. inventories are valued at the lower of cost or market, and cost is determined using the last-in, first-out ("LIFO") method of accounting. Non-U.S. inventories are valued at the lower of cost or net realizable value, and cost is determined using the first-in, first-out ("FIFO") method of accounting. The Company recently executed product portfolio simplification and inventory optimization initiatives.

We identified the evaluation of the net realizable value of certain inventory in the U.S. as a critical audit matter. Subjective auditor judgment was required in evaluating how the Company’s objectives and strategies affected the net realizable value of certain inventory.


33



The following are the primary procedures we performed to address this critical audit matter. We applied auditor judgement to determine the nature and extent of procedures to be performed over the net realizable value of certain inventory. We evaluated the design and tested the operating effectiveness of certain internal controls over the Company’s process to record inventory at its net realizable value. We evaluated the affect of the Company’s objectives and strategies on the net realizable value of certain inventory by inspecting documentation supporting the product simplification and inventory optimization initiatives. For a selection of certain inventory items, we (1) compared sales prices from recent invoices to the item’s current cost, and (2) assessed whether the cost was greater than its net realizable value considering the product simplification and inventory optimization initiatives. We assessed the sufficiency of audit evidence obtained related to the net realizable value of inventory by evaluating the results of the audit procedures performed.

/s/ KPMG LLP

We have served as the Company’s auditor since 2015. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
March 1, 2021

34



Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

To the Stockholders and Board of Directors
Armstrong Flooring, Inc.:
Opinion on Internal Control Over Financial Reporting

We have audited Armstrong Flooring, Inc. and subsidiaries’ (the Company) internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2020, based on criteria established in Internal Control - Integrated Framework (2013) issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission. In our opinion, the Company maintained, in all material respects, effective internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2020, based on criteria established in Internal Control - Integrated Framework (2013) issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission.

We also have audited, in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States) (PCAOB), the consolidated balance sheets of the Company as of December 31, 2020 and 2019, the related consolidated statements of operations, comprehensive income (loss), stockholders’ equity, and cash flows for each of the years in the three-year period ended December 31, 2020, and the related notes and financial statement schedule II (collectively, the consolidated financial statements), and our report dated March 1, 2021 expressed an unqualified opinion on those consolidated financial statements.

Basis for Opinion

The Company’s management is responsible for maintaining effective internal control over financial reporting and for its assessment of the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting, included in the accompanying Management’s Report on Internal Control over Financial Reporting. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on the Company’s internal control over financial reporting based on our audit. We are a public accounting firm registered with the PCAOB and are required to be independent with respect to the Company in accordance with the U.S. federal securities laws and the applicable rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission and the PCAOB.

We conducted our audit in accordance with the standards of the PCAOB. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether effective internal control over financial reporting was maintained in all material respects. Our audit of internal control over financial reporting included obtaining an understanding of internal control over financial reporting, assessing the risk that a material weakness exists, and testing and evaluating the design and operating effectiveness of internal control based on the assessed risk. Our audit also included performing such other procedures as we considered necessary in the circumstances. We believe that our audit provides a reasonable basis for our opinion

Definition and Limitations of Internal Control Over Financial Reporting

A company’s internal control over financial reporting is a process designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles. A company’s internal control over financial reporting includes those policies and procedures that (1) pertain to the maintenance of records that, in reasonable detail, accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of the assets of the company; (2) provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, and that receipts and expenditures of the company are being made only in accordance with authorizations of management and directors of the company; and (3) provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use, or disposition of the company’s assets that could have a material effect on the financial statements.







35



Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements. Also, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.

/s/ KPMG LLP

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

March 1, 2021

36



Armstrong Flooring, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Consolidated Statements of Operations
(Dollars in millions, except per share data)
Year Ended December 31,
202020192018
Net sales$584.8 $626.3 $728.2 
Cost of goods sold501.3 541.0 585.0 
Gross profit83.5 85.3 143.2 
Selling, general and administrative expenses145.2 146.4 160.6 
Operating (loss)(61.7)(61.1)(17.4)
Interest expense7.5 4.4 4.8 
Other (income) expense, net(4.8)1.8 2.9 
(Loss) from continuing operations before income taxes(64.4)(67.3)(25.1)
Income tax (benefit) expense(0.8)1.6 (6.0)
(Loss) from continuing operations(63.6)(68.9)(19.1)
Earnings from discontinued operations, net of tax  9.9 
Gain (loss) on disposal of discontinued operations, net of tax 10.4 (153.8)
Net earnings (loss) from discontinued operations 10.4 (143.9)
Net (loss) $(63.6)$(58.5)$(163.0)
Basic (loss) per share of common stock:
Basic (loss) per share of common stock from continuing operations$(2.90)$(2.85)$(0.73)
Basic earnings (loss) per share of common stock from discontinued operations 0.43 (5.54)
Basic (loss) per share of common stock$(2.90)$(2.42)$(6.27)
Diluted (loss) per share of common stock:
Diluted (loss) per share of common stock from continuing operations$(2.90)$(2.85)$(0.73)
Diluted earnings (loss) per share of common stock from discontinued operations 0.43 (5.54)
Diluted (loss) per share of common stock$(2.90)$(2.42)$(6.27)

See accompanying notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.
37



Armstrong Flooring, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive (Loss)
(Dollars in millions, except per share data)
Year Ended December 31,
202020192018
Net (loss) $(63.6)$(58.5)$(163.0)
Changes in other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax:
Foreign currency translation adjustments7.2 (2.2)(6.0)
Cash flow hedge adjustments(0.4)(1.4)1.7 
Pension and postretirement adjustments8.6 (9.5)7.8 
Total other comprehensive income (loss)15.4 (13.1)3.5 
Total comprehensive (loss) $(48.2)$(71.6)$(159.5)

See accompanying notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.

38



Armstrong Flooring, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Consolidated Balance Sheets
(Dollars in millions, except par value)
December 31, 2020December 31, 2019
Assets
Current assets:
Cash and cash equivalents$13.7 $27.1 
Accounts and notes receivable, net43.0 36.1 
Inventories, net122.9 111.6 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets12.9 10.7 
Assets held-for-sale17.8  
Total current assets210.3 185.5 
Property, plant and equipment, net246.9 277.2 
Operating lease assets8.5 6.0 
Intangible assets, net19.0 25.4 
Deferred income taxes4.4 5.3 
Other noncurrent assets4.4 2.8 
Total assets$493.5 $502.2 
Liabilities and Stockholders' Equity
Current liabilities:
Short-term debt$5.5 $ 
Current installments of long-term debt2.9 0.2 
Accounts payable and accrued expenses113.7 104.4 
Total current liabilities122.1 104.6 
Long-term debt, net of unamortized debt issuance costs71.4 42.5 
Noncurrent operating lease liabilities5.8 2.7 
Postretirement benefit liabilities55.6 59.7 
Pension benefit liabilities4.6 16.0 
Other long-term liabilities9.0 6.0 
Deferred income taxes2.4 2.4 
Total liabilities270.9 233.9 
Commitments and contingencies
Stockholders' equity:
Common stock with par value $0.0001 per share: 100,000,000 shares authorized; 28,376,662 issued and 21,638,141 outstanding shares as of December 31, 2020 and 28,357,658 issued and 21,519,761 outstanding shares as of December 31, 2019
  
Preferred stock with par value $0.0001 per share: 15,000,000 shares authorized; none issued
  
Treasury stock, at cost, 6,738,521shares as of December 31, 2020 and 6,837,897 shares as of December 31, 2019
(87.1)(88.9)
Additional paid-in capital677.4 676.7 
Accumulated deficit(308.4)(244.8)
Accumulated other comprehensive (loss)(59.3)(74.7)
Total stockholders' equity222.6 268.3 
Total liabilities and stockholders' equity$493.5 $502.2 

See accompanying notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.
39



Armstrong Flooring, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Consolidated Statements of Stockholders' Equity
(Dollars in millions)
Additional Paid-in CapitalAccumulated Other Comprehensive (Loss)Retained Earnings (Accumulated Deficit)Total Equity
Common StockTreasury Stock
SharesAmountSharesAmount
December 31, 201725,734,222 $ 2,448,996 $(39.9)$674.2 $(52.5)$(31.8)$550.0 
Cumulative effect of adoption of ASC 606 new revenue recognition standard as of January 1— — — — — — (4.1)(4.1)
Cumulative effect of adoption on ASU 2018-02 related to tax reform as of January 1— — — — — (12.6)12.6 — 
Net (loss) — — — — — — (163.0)(163.0)
Repurchase of common stock(69,353)— 69,353 (1.0)— — — (1.0)
Stock-based employee compensation, net 167,324 — (66,184)1.2 4.4 — — 5.6 
Other comprehensive income— — — — — 3.5 — 3.5 
December 31, 201825,832,193 $ 2,452,165 (39.7)678.6 (61.6)(186.3)391.0 
Net (loss)— — — — — — (58.5)(58.5)
Repurchase of common stock(4,504,504)— 4,504,504 (51.4)— — — (51.4)
Stock-based employee compensation, net 192,072 — (118,772)2.2 (1.9)— — 0.3 
Other comprehensive (loss)— — — — — (13.1)— (13.1)
December 31, 201921,519,761 $ 6,837,897 (88.9)676.7 (74.7)(244.8)268.3 
Net (loss)— — — — — — (63.6)(63.6)
Stock-based employee compensation, net 118,380 — (99,376)1.8 0.7 — — 2.5 
Other comprehensive income— — — — — 15.4 — 15.4 
December 31, 202021,638,141 $ 6,738,521 $(87.1)$677.4 $(59.3)$(308.4)$222.6 

See accompanying notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.
40



Armstrong Flooring, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(Dollars in millions)
Year Ended December 31,
202020192018
Cash flows from operating activities:
Net (loss)
$(63.6)$(58.5)$(163.0)
Adjustments to reconcile net (loss) to net cash (used for) provided by operating activities:
Depreciation and amortization
47.8 50.7 55.1 
(Gain) loss on disposal of discontinued operations
 (10.4)153.8 
Inventory write down
 13.6  
Deferred income taxes
(1.6)1.1 2.4 
Stock-based compensation
2.7 1.2 5.4 
Gains from postretirement plan changes(2.9)